About 33,000 people die because the ambulance cannot reach them in time. It is not necessary that when you call an ambulance, the nearest ambulance will reach you. The paper describe a model to track the nearest free ambulance in the area using global positioning system and bring it to the person in distress. The GPS device continuously mov...
 Hazards from landslides are everywhere. Landslides are more likely to occur on steeply sloped hillsides. For several case studies throughout the globe, researchers have performed landslide prediction, detection, and monitoring. The major goal of researching landslide detection is to stop natural disasters by seeing their early movement. This wi...
  IoT-enabled smart healthcare systems has the characteristics of heterogeneous fusion, cross domain, collaborative autonomy, dynamic change and open interconnection, but they bring huge challenges in privacy issues. We proposed a scheme of forward privacy preserving for IoT-enabled healthcare systems, which mainly includes a searchable encryptio...
  Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder with several different types of seizures, some of them characterized by involuntary recurrent convulsions, which have a great impact on the everyday life of the patients. Several solutions have been proposed in the literature to detect this type of seizures and to monitor the patient; however, these a...
 Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices have a strict necessity for power consumption to achieve the expected battery life. Therefore, measuring and optimizing the energy consumption of IoT nodes are essential. IoT nodes feature extreme current consumption range over 100 dB between their operating modes. The main focus of this article is to design and...
 In India economy is mainly based on agriculture still we are not able to make it profitable and make sustainable use of our land resources. Main reason is lack of knowledge regarding soil. There are many types of soil present and each type of soil has different characteristics. So it is necessary to test soil characteristics. There are different to...
 Quantum computing is envisaged as an evolving paradigm for solving computationally complex optimization problems with a large-number factorization and exhaustive search.Recently, there has been a proliferating growth of the size of multi-dimensional datasets, the input-output space dimensionality, and data structures. Hence, the conventional machin...
 Machine learning (ML) algorithms are nowadays widely adopted in different contexts to perform autonomous decisions and predictions. Due to the high volume of data shared in the recent years, ML algorithms are more accurate and reliable since training and testing phases are more precise. An important concept to analyze when defining ML algorithms co...
 Drowsiness in driving causes the major road accidents. Now a day’s drowsiness due to drunken driving is increasing. If driver is found to be drowsiness in eyes more than 5 secs, then the eye blink sensor senses the blink rate. If the eyes are found to be closed, then the speed of the car slows down. In our proposed system, along with drowsiness, al...
 The ability to predict, anticipate and reason about future outcomes is a key component of intelligent decision-making systems. In light of the success of deep learning in computer vision, deep-learning-based video prediction emerged as a promising research direction. Defined as a self-supervised learning task, video prediction represents a suitable...
 The ability to predict, anticipate and reason about future outcomes is a key component of intelligent decision-making systems. In light of the success of deep learning in computer vision, deep-learning-based video prediction emerged as a promising research direction. Defined as a self-supervised learning task, video prediction represents a suitable...
 The fault occurred in transmission line is very much dangerous for the locality. In HV and EHV transmission line there are less fault occurrence but in locality the fault occurrence is more as compared to outer transmission line. In our prototype we design a model which is to be detect the fault in transmission line by comparing the voltage signal ...
 The increasing numbers of the private car cause the road traffic congestion. That is becoming important problems in the big cities. Another solution to reduce the traffic jam is developing intelligent transportation system such as intelligent traffic light system. However, the solution of such problems is one of the mandatory concern. In recent yea...
 In India, Liquified Petroleum Gas Cylinder is used as the primary source for cooking. The level of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) Cylinder decreases gradually on daily usage. Upon complete utilization of the LPG Cylinder, a new cylinder can be availed by booking with LPG vendors which may take up to two to three days. Users have no provision to view...
 In modern world, the IoT is at its peak. The world is becoming smarter, the home automation is emerging. Smart Door control system is a latest technology in home automation. The main purpose of smart Door technology is to provide a complete security to the door, ease and comfort for users. The aim of this paper is to enlarge the door automation tec...
 Cables are put underground to stay away from pointless obstruction. These force cables convey electrical force and when these cables are put underground it is extremely hard to decide the specific area of the deficiency happened. There are numerous elements or purposes behind a deficiency to happen as, for example, burrowing, tremor, development wo...
 Air pollution is a growing issue these days. It is necessary to monitor air quality and keep it under control for a better future and healthy living for all. Here we propose an air quality monitoring system that allows us to monitor and check live air quality in a particular area through IOT. System uses air sensors to sense presence of harmful gas...
 Environmental monitoring is must for all industries as its conditions majorly affect our prosperity, solace and efficiency. Because it is such an essential aspect that have an immense effect on health of operating personnel & other parameters like fire, smoke, dust and intruder detection along with weather forecasting in industries. But the systems...
 The Internet of Things is most useful in communicating devices (things) with each other by using the internet nowadays. Most of sensor device is connected with IoT is more popular in recent times. In this paper a model based in IoT is proposed with aim to prevent accidents due to drink-driving and drowsiness of driver. It includes analysis of alcoh...
 Deep learning (DL) has proved successful in medical imaging and, in the wake of the recent COVID-19 pandemic, some works have started to investigate DL-based solutions for the assisted diagnosis of lung diseases. While existing works focus on CT scans, this paper studies the application of DL techniques for the analysis of lung ultra sonography (LU...
 Existing liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) detection systems are ad hoc and designed as stand-alone nodes. This article, however, presents an integrated end-to-end wireless sensor network (WSN) system that integrates hardware and software for early warning gas leakage detection and monitoring applications, fully utilizing the Internet of Things (IoT) f...
 This study reviews the scientific literature for business models contributing to sustainable plastic management and suggests avenues for future research. We define sustainable plastic management (SPM) as any technique along the waste hierarchy seeking to minimize the environmental damage of plastic material. Limited cases were found during the lite...
 There is something that we still don’t see: food wasted by restaurants, shops or industries. There is also something we can see: food wasted by ourselves. This is the range focus of communities, through the management of wasted products of catering firms. Now a days people are aware of importance of food but there are no platform to share informati...
 Monitoring various parameters of the patient using internet of things. In the patient monitoring system based on Internet of things project, the real-time parameters of patient’s health are sent to cloud using Internet connectivity. These parameters are sent to a remote Internet location so that user can view these details from anywhere in the worl...
 Eventually a day's a consequence of a general temperature alteration and atmosphere changes there are attempting conditions in field of coal mine. To decrease the cost and improve the productivity close by thing quality the atomization in the field of coal mine is irrefutably essential, which will in addition reduce the mine laborers endeavors. Thi...
 This paper is intended to monitor Heart beat with android application which is used to measure the heart beat of different persons. It is built using Android Studio. It may also include the different modules based on the software specification, system requirement, hardware requirement and disk space....
 Medical Surveillance Solutions are the most important in the brief developing country populace enhances demands for caretaking. Covid-19 is as a substitute contagious it is very important to quarantine covid-19 humans but at the equal time medical examiners need to check fitness of covid-19 sufferers moreover. With the boosting kind of instances it...
 This paper presents an effective approach for detecting abandoned luggage in surveillance videos. We combine short- and long-term background models to extract foreground objects, where each pixel in an input image is classified as a 2-bit code. Subsequently, we introduce a framework to identify static foreground regions based on the temporal transi...
 Blockchain’s foundations of decentralisation, cryptographic security and immutability make it a strong contender in reshaping the healthcare landscape worldwide. Blockchain solutions are currently being explored for: (1) securing patient and provider identities; (2) managing pharmaceutical and medical device supply chains; (3) clinical research and...
 This paper deals with milk processing with emphasis on pasteurization. The heat treatment of milk is important in terms of product quality and health safety. The goal of this paper is determination of heat consumption, inactivation effect and Pasteur criterion, by which pasteurization effectiveness is evaluated. The methodical part contains calcula...
 The dairy industry generates excessive amounts of waste and by-products while it gives a wide range of dairy products. Alternative biotechnological uses of these wastes need to be determined to aerobic and anaerobic treatment systems due to their high chemical oxygen demand (COD) levels and rich nutrient (lactose, protein and fat) contents. This wo...
 Food processing industries are assuming greater importance and processed food is now not a matter of choice but it is a necessity. As a result there is greater awareness of safety concerns, emerging risks and challenges in the context of food products. Consumers want guarantees for food characteristics, thus, calling for transparency and effective ...
 Predicting future changes in ecosystem services is not only highly desirable but is also becoming feasible as several forces (e.g., available big data, developed data assimilation (DA) techniques, and advanced cyber-infrastructure) are converging to transform ecological research into quantitative forecasting. To realize ecological forecasting, we h...
 Agriculture and climate change are internally correlated with each other in various aspects, as climate change is the main cause of biotic and abiotic stresses, which have adverse effects on the agriculture of a region. The land and its agriculture are being affected by climate changes in different ways, e.g., variations in annual rainfall, average...
 Mobile crowd-sensing (MCS) has appeared as a prospective solution for large-scale data collection, leveraging built-in sensors and social applications in mobile devices that enables a variety of Internet of Things (IoT) services. However, the human involvement in MCS results in a high possibility for unintentionally contributing corrupted and falsi...
 Covid 19 Patients are facing a many problem of daily checkup like travelling, waiting in the queue. so we are developing this project. In this system a patient will be carrying hardware having sensors and android phone application, the sensors will sense the body temperature, Blood Pressure, Respiration rate and heart pulse rate of patient and thes...
 Covid 19 Patients are facing a many problem of daily checkup like travelling, waiting in the queue. so we are developing this project. In this system a patient will be carrying hardware having sensors and android phone application, the sensors will sense the body temperature, Blood Pressure, Respiration rate and heart pulse rate of patient and thes...
 The primary objective is to detect the vitals of the body by using non invasive measures. It will filled with multiple sensors which will measure body temperature, heart rate, Accelerometer to health condition and upload in database. When the device senses a level of heart rate , it will alert the player who will be able to take measures to prevent...
 Epilepsy is a type of neurological disorder that causes abnormal brain activities and creates epileptic seizures.Traditionally epileptic seizure prediction is realized with a visual examination of Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. But this technique needs a long time EEG monitoring. So, the automatic epileptic seizures prediction schemes become a...
 Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder with several different types of seizures, some of them characterized by involuntary recurrent convulsions, which have a great impact on the everyday life of the patients. Several solutions have been proposed in the literature to detect this type of seizures and to monitor the patient; however, these appro...
 As a personal assistant, this project is built with AI technologies, Artificial intelligence technologies are beginning to be actively used in human life, this is facilitated by the appearance and wide dissemination of the Internet of Things (IOT). Autonomous devices are becoming smarter in their way to interact with both a human and themselves. Th...
 About 33,000 people die because the ambulance cannot reach them in time. It is not necessary that when you call an ambulance, the nearest ambulance will reach you. The paper describe a model to track the nearest free ambulance in the area using global positioning system and bring it to the person in distress. The GPS device continuously moves with ...
 The dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) is an emerging technique to push the intelligent transportation system into our daily life. The DSRC standards generally adopt FM0 and Manchester codes to reach dcbalance, enhancing the signal reliability. Nevertheless, the coding-diversity between the FM0 and Manchester codes seriously limits the pote...
  This paper aims to develop a tool for predicting accurate and timely traffic flow Information. Traffic Environment involves everything that can affect the traffic flowing on the road, whether it’s traffic signals, accidents, rallies, even repairing of roads that can cause a jam. If we have prior information which is very near approximate about a...
 Stress is one of the factors that affect human health in many aspects. It is considered as one of the culprits in increasing the risk of getting sick that could probably lead to critical physical or mental illnesses. Stress can be experienced everywhere and in different circumstances. Hence, stress should be controlled and managed by monitoring its...
 In the downtowns, underground cables are used rather than of overhead transmission lines. It is hard to go through the specific spot of the shortcomings. As India become prominent as a progression country, civilized field is too boosting every day. The underground lines are beat under the same circumstances its uses is additionally growing a result...
 Mobility for blind and elderly people is a problem as they have to face many difficulties in their day to day life. Most commonly, stick is use by blind and elderly people as a support for their body to stand and walk. The most common disadvantage of walking stick is user should have to be in close proximity of obstacle so that he can sense the loc...
 Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are integral part of Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT), the said networks comprise of elements possessing low power processors. WSNs are used for gathering data in the monitoring region, using which vital information about the sensor and the monitoring region can be attained (placement of the sensor node is critica...
 Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder with several different types of seizures, some of them characterized by involuntary recurrent convulsions, which have a great impact on the everyday life of the patients. Several solutions have been proposed in the literature to detect this type of seizures and to monitor the patient; however, these appro...
 In the most of the developing countries, the effort of collecting electricity utility meter reading and detecting illegal usage of electricity is a very difficult and time consuming task which requires a lot of human resources. Energy meter reading and monitoring system using Internet of Things (IoT) present an efficient and cost-effective way to t...
 With population growth, the demand for vehicles has increased tremendously, which has created an alarming situation in terms of traffic hazards and road accidents. The road accidents percentage is growing exponentially and so are the fatalities caused due to accidents. However, the primary cause of the increased rate of fatalities is due to the del...
 Due to advancement in technology, elevators are used in order to reduce human efforts for climbing steps of large buildings. The elevator being electrical equipment has a possibility to stop working during its operation resulting in entrapment of passenger. To rescue the entrapper an escalation has to be done to concern department or person or an i...
 The main objective is to design a monitoring system for storage atmosphere. Controlled storage atmosphere means constant monitoring of storage environment and adjust accordingly to maintain the atmospheric parameter such as temperature, relative humidity etc. Several actuators are used for controlling the above parameters. The design and implementa...
 The motivation for this project came from the countries where economy is based on agriculture and the climatic conditions lead to lack of rains & scarcity of water . Irrigation is moreover the backbone of Agricultural industry .Due to inadequate knowledge of proper utilization of water resource, lots of water is wastage in the application of irriga...
 In recent years, EEG brainwave-reading device is used more and more in various academic fields and real life. Analyzing brainwave from drivers, we divide the brainwave data into light fatigue, medium fatigue and severe fatigue. Once the driver's Low-a <;0.7, High-a <;0.5, ?>0.5, or attention and meditation less than 40 degrees, then the system is d...
 This paper deals with a novel sensor network system designed for gathering disaster information including physical environmental information and potential signals of survivers. The system consists of numerous sensor probes and a central database server. The sensor probes organize their own ZigBee network, which is managed by the central database se...
 Health monitoring systems have rapidly evolved recently, and smart systems have been proposed to monitor patient current health conditions, in our proposed and implemented system, we focus on monitoring the patient’s blood pressure, and his body temperature. Based on last decade statistics of medical records, death rates due to hypertensive heart d...
 This paper presents a smart home management system in which a community broker role is used for integrating community services, thereby reducing the workload of community management staff, providing electronic information services, and deepening the community’s integration with the surrounding environment. At the home end, a home intranet was creat...
 This paper presents a low cost and flexible home control and monitoring system using an embedded micro-web server, with IP connectivity for accessing and controlling devices and appliances remotely using Android based Smart phone app. The proposed system does not require a dedicated server PCwith respect to similar systems and offer...
 This paper describes a low cost and holistic approach to the water quality monitoring problem for drinking water distribution systems as well as for consumer sites. Our approach is to develop sensor nodes for real time and in-pipe monitoring, assessment of water quality on the fly and to calculate the amount of water delivered. The main sensor node...
 In today’s world Automatic system is ubiquitous communication over manual system. The IoT can assist in integration of communications, control, and information processing across various systems. The Internet of Things allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely. Wireless Home Automation system(WHAS) using I...
 Now a day, technology rapidly growth, but also people do not survive his/her life after road accident because there is no emergency facilities available in our country. So we design a technology which facilitates the emergency facilities. This project inform about an accident that is occurred to vehicle to rescue team and the family members of the ...
 The concept of a Smart City highlights the need to enhance quality, interconnection and performance of various urban services with the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). Smart City technologies promote cloud-based and Internet of Things (IoT) based services in which real-world user interfaces use smart phones, sensors and RFID...
 Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been employed in a wide range of applications due to the low-cost and ease of installation features. One of the applications is in the road safety and highways, in a wide range of scenarios. In this paper, an IoT-based system for collision detection on guardrails is presented. The developed system implements an ...
 With new technological advancement in controlled-environment agriculture systems, the level of productivity has significantly increased. Agriculture systems are now more capable, reliable, and provide enhanced productivity. An agriculture environment can range from a single plant in a house, a backyard garden, a small farm, to a large farming facil...
 Recently, the frequent coal mine safety accidents have caused serious casualties and huge economic losses. It is urgent for the global mining industry to increase operational efficiency and improve overall mining safety. This paper proposes a lightweight mashup middleware to achieve remote monitoring and control automation of underground physical s...
 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is one of the major causes of death among infants during their sleep. To increase the safety of the infants, we matched different emergent research fields for the development of Baby Night Watch. This Smart Wearable System (SWS), developed under the context of the European Texas Instruments Innovation Challenge (...
 Many devices and solutions for remote ECG monitoring have been proposed in the literature. These solutions typically have a large marginal cost per added sensor and are not seamlessly integrated with other smart home solutions. Here we propose an ECG remote monitoring system that is dedicated to non-technical users in need of long-term health monit...
 A home automation system for smart grid is designed and implemented. The system monitors temperature and humidity and controls air conditioning, lights and appliances. The Message Queuing Telemetry Transport protocol and Djanjo web framework are used. A graphical user interface is developed to enable the user to control the devices remotely via a w...
 Nowadays, home appliances manufacturers are increasingly relying on wireless sensor network and single chip embedded technologies to build smart environment. Many existing systems are already in the market, however, they were designed without envisioning the need of residents with special needs. This work presents a framework that enables the integ...
 Internet of Things (IoT) based smart devices are the core elements for any smart environment. The sensors and actuators make the life easier when they are connected to one another and to the Internet. The Smart city and ‘Swach Bharath Abhiyan’ projects introduced by the Government of India tried to promote clean and hygienic Environment. The consta...
 Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. Due to global warming and climate change traditional farming in the regular months have been distorted and crops have been ruined is the most common phrase seen today. This not only gives economic losses but also the main reason for farmer sucide. Now agriculture needs support, time has come for techno...
 Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. Due to global warming and climate change traditional farming in the regular months have been distorted and crops have been ruined is the most common phrase seen today. This not only gives economic losses but also the main reason for farmer sucide. Now agriculture needs support, time has come for techno...
 In modern days, people are getting too busy in their works but still they need to spend time in shopping malls. In Shopping malls, customers face a difficulty to follow a queue for the process of billing, which takes a long time under huge crowd. Customer thought that, to avoid the standing time in the billing section at shopping malls. To overcome...
 With the advancement of information and communication technology, life is getting simpler in all aspects. The rapid increase in the number of users on the internet over the past decade has made the internet as a part of human life. Home Automation using the Internet of Things (IoT) is a system that uses a smartphone device or pc to control basic ho...
 Today, the number of technological devices such as computers, cell phones, tablets etc. has increased and their usage has become widespread. As a result of frequent use of these technologies depending on situation, these devices have developed even further and became a part of our lives. Development of Internet infrastructure and increase of its us...
 Locating files is one of the biggest problems in universities nowadays. Time is wasted in searching files, energy is wasted chasing misspelled files, deadlines are missed. Due to this , I decided to make a system for file tracking that will solve all problems in the best way.File Tracking System is a internet application that manages all the file m...
 Automation plays an important role in 21st century. The principal point of this project is to structure a framework which is prepared to do consequently deducting the measure of the petrol dispensed from user card dependent on RFID innovation and send the data of transaction of petrol and the sum to the proprietor through the Internet of Things (Io...
 Flooding is the most common worldwide natural disaster which is stylish throughout the year. There are various methods of alerts such as the email notifications, sirens etc. The design goal of this project is to monitor sudden floods can create a alert that will reach an end user through their mobile phone. Living in a very place that gets several ...
 Dams must be permanently maintained in a proper way because of extremely grave consequences that may occur in case of a failure. Maintenance refers to monitoring the condition of a dam and its belonging facilities, that is to identification and undertaking of all necessary measures for ensuring safety and functionality of the facilities in a timely...
 With the increase in the consumption of energy and population, there is a great need to conserve energy in every way possible. The inability to access and control the appliances from remote locations is one of the major reasons for energy wastage in Ghana. This project presents the development and implementation of a Global System for Mobile Commun...
 This paper introduces a video copy detection system which efficiently matches individual frames and then verifies their spatio-temporal consistency. The approach for matching frames relies on a recent local feature indexing method, which is at the same time robust to significant video transformations and efficient in terms of memory usage and compu...
 Parenting is not an easy task. Good parenting requires the parent to quickly respond to the needs of their child. Constant monitoring of the child also becomes a necessity, especially up to an age of 18 months. In this work, a mobile robotic device has been designed and developed. This device can help a parent to keep track of their baby and its su...
 The integration of multi-access edge computing (MEC) and RAFT consensus makes it feasible to deploy blockchain on trustful base stations and gateways to provide efficient and tamper-proof edge data services for Internet of Things (IoT) applications. However, reducing the latency of storing data on blockchain remains a challenge, especially when an ...
 A novel carrier sense multiple access strategy with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) balancing contention probability and channel access time is proposed. The approach can be applied to any context where the computational simplicity of the MAC must be preferred to the complexity of the channel access strategy. Our MAC, called Delay-Collision CSMA (DC-...
 Federated Learning (FL) is a distributed learning framework that can deal with the distributed issue in machine learning and still guarantee high learning performance. However, it is impractical that all users will sacrifice their resources to join the FL algorithm. This motivates us to study the incentive mechanism design for FL. In this paper, we...
 In this paper, a multiple cluster-based transmission diversity scheme is proposed for asynchronous joint transmissions (JT) in private networks. The use of multiple clusters or small cells is adopted to reduce the transmission distance to users thereby increasing data-rates and reducing latency. To further increase the spectral efficiency and achie...
 This article studies the strategic interactions between an IoT service provider (IoTSP) which consists of heterogeneous IoT devices and its energy service provider (ESP). To that end, we propose an economic framework using the Stackelberg game to maximize the network throughput and energy efficiency of both the IoTSP and ESP. To obtain the Stackelb...
 Wireless sensor networks (WSN) allow to exchange information and to take immediate and remote actions in natural, industrial, military or domestic environment systems. These networks are vulnerable to cyber-attacks, hence, they are vulnerable to being intercepted, interrupted or modified. However, for the last twenty years, the amount of informatio...
 Future of massive Internet-of-things (IoT) and low latency applications hinges on delivering fresh information on time. Thus, to analyse data freshness for time critical use cases in future networks, the age of information (AoI) measure is introduced. Besides, energy harvesting is also essential to improve energy sustainability and lifetime of a po...
 Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-enabled wireless power transfer (WPT) has recently emerged as a promising technique to provide sustainable energy supply for widely distributed low-power ground devices (GDs) in large-scale wireless networks. Compared with the energy transmitters (ETs) in conventional WPT systems which are deployed at fixed locations, ...
 This paper presents a cost-effective, ultra-low-power and highly sensitive wake-up receiver (WuRX) to reduce overall power consumption of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The proposed tuned radio frequency (TRF) receiver (RX) analogue front-end (AFE) incorporates a 400-MHz, low-power, low-noise amplifier (LNA) with a high voltage gain of 50 dB as we...
 In this modern era, each and every individual needs to utilize the communication medium for sending and receiving the respective data between source and destination entities. A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) environments provide such facility to clients to perform a successful and range free communication between source and destination. This paper u...
 Clock synchronization is crucial for applications in wireless sensor networks, such as event scheduling and data fusion. In practical wireless networks, environmental changes cause the oscillator to be imperfect. Thus, it is necessary to track the nonlinear varying clock dynamically. In this paper, we propose a timestamp-free clock skew (frequency ...
 Wireless Sensors Networks (WSN) is the self-configured wireless network which consists of a huge measure of resource-restrained Sensor Nodes (SN). In WSN, the key parameters are effectual energy utilization and security. The adversary could send false information because of the Malicious Nodes' (MNs') presence. Thus, to shun security threats, it is...
 Wireless blockchain network is proposed to enable a decentralized and safe wireless networks for various blockchain applications. To achieve blockchain consensus in wireless network, one of the important steps is to broadcast new block using wireless channel. Under wireless network protocols, the block transmitting will be affected significantly. I...
 This paper presents wChain, a blockchain protocol specifically designed for multihop wireless networks that deeply integrates wireless communication properties and blockchain technologies under the realistic SINR model. We adopt a hierarchical spanner as the communication backbone to address medium contention and achieve fast data aggregation withi...
 This paper presents a machine learning strategy that tackles a distributed optimization task in a wireless network with an arbitrary number of randomly interconnected nodes. Individual nodes decide their optimal states with distributed coordination among other nodes through randomly varying backhaul links. This poses a technical challenge in distri...
 Age of information (AoI) is a newly proposed metric to quantify the freshness of system status. However, in many cases, the original raw data collected by IoT devices needs to be preprocessed in real-time to extract the hidden effective information, which is usually time consuming. To this end, we promote an edge computing assisted approach and aim...
 Backscatter communication (BC) and radio-frequency energy harvesting (RF-EH) are two promising technologies for extending the battery lifetime of wireless devices. Although there have been some qualitative comparisons between these two technologies, quantitative comparisons are still lacking, especially for massive IoT networks. In this paper, we a...
 The proliferation of IoT devices in society demands a renewed focus on securing the use and maintenance of such systems. IoT-based systems have a significant impact on society and therefore such systems must have guaranteed resilience. We introduce a solution as a protocol that utilizes smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain to enforce a securi...
 With the evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT), smart cities have become the mainstream of urbanization. IoT networks allow distributed smart devices to collect and process data within smart city infrastructure using an open channel, the Internet. Thus, challenges such as centralization, security, privacy (e.g., performing data poisoning and in...
 In this paper, the problem of energy-efficient data gathering in an Internet of Things (IoT) based remote area surveillance application is addressed by designing a suitable MAC layer uplink solution. We follow the 3GPP specified scheduled access scheme for narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) and consider presence of both delay sensitive and delay tolerant traf...
 The time series data generated by massive sensors in Internet of Things (IoT) is extremely dynamic, heterogeneous, large scale and time-dependent. It poses great challenges (e.g. accuracy, reliability, stability) on the real-time analysis and decision making for different IoT applications. In this paper, we design, implement and evaluate EdgeLSTM, ...
 The awareness of physical network topology in a large-scale Internet of Things (IoT) system is critical to enable location-based service provisioning and performance optimization. However, due to the dynamics and complexity of IoT networks, it is usually very difficult to discover and update the physical topology of the large-scale IoT systems in r...
 5G-enabled Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) deployment will bring more severe security and privacy challenges, which puts forward higher requirements for access control. Blockchain-based access control method has become a promising security technology, but it still faces high latency in consensus process and weak adaptability to dynamic changes...
 Urban crowd flow prediction is very challenging for public management and planning in smart city applications. Existing work mostly focuses on spatial and temporal dependence based flow prediction that are not well suited for predictions of instantaneous flow change usually due to social emergency incidents and accidents. In this paper, we propose ...
 Passive Gen2 radio frequency identification (RFID) tags work thanks to the utilization of line codes that balance their operation between two opposite states: absorbing RF (for energy harvesting) and reflecting RF (for backscattering/communications). Given the current RF harvesting technology, batteryless tags need to be located very close to an ac...
 Due to resource constraints and working surroundings, many IIoT nodes are easily hacked and turn into zombies from which to launch attacks. It is challenging to detect such networked zombies. We combine federated learning (FL) and fog/edge computing to combat malicious codes. Our protocol trains a global optimized model based on distributed dataset...
 Deep neural network (DNN) has become increasingly popular in industrial IoT scenarios. Due to high demands on computational capability, it is hard for DNN-based applications to directly run on intelligent end devices with limited resources. Computation offloading technology offers a feasible solution by offloading some computation-intensive tasks t...
 The increase in electronic loads connected to electrical network became relevant requirements of the quality of supply. Among the equipment used in the power distribution system stands out regulators medium voltage installed over the grid to maintain voltage levels within indifferent operating range of the oscillations. Therefore, the quality of su...
 This article presents a 2.4 GHz and high-efficiency wireless power receiver (Rx) integrated with a low-power transmitter (Tx) for wireless charging of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) or wearable devices. A single pole double throw (SPDT) circuit isolates the operation of the Rx from Tx, thereby offering the capability of sharing antenna between them. ...
 The dual mode technology has been adopted to support smart devices to connect to both the NB-IoT and the LTE simultaneously. How to reduce the power consumption of a smart device with limited battery capacity has been treated as an important issue. In this paper, we propose the Module Switching Mechanism (MSM) that consists of the PS scheme and the...
 Herein, a continuous-flow driven microfluidic device has been designed and fabricated using the CO2 laser ablation method for polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The device consists of a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) microfluidic channel with 30 serpentine thermal cycles, an arduino board, two custom-made cartridge heaters, and thermocouple sensors. ...
 Internet of Things (IoT) is considered as a key enabler of health informatics. IoT-enabled devices are used for in-hospital and in-home patient monitoring to collect and transfer biomedical data pertaining to blood pressure, electrocardiography (ECG), blood sugar levels, body temperature, etc. Among these devices, wearables have found their presenc...
 The global healthcare industry and artificial intelligence has promoted the development of the diversified intelligent healthcare applications. IoT will play an important role in meeting the high throughput requirements of diversified intelligent healthcare applications. However, the healthcare big data transmission is vulnerable to a potential att...
 There has been an asymmetric shift towards harnessing cloud-based technologies as the world focuses on shifting operations remotely. Data security for remote operations is crucial for the protection and preservation of critical infrastructure. Furthermore, there has been an emerging trend to integrate IoT based devices with the expanding cloud infr...
 This work presents an instruction-set extension to the open-source RISC-V ISA (RV32IM) dedicated to ultra-low power (ULP) software-defined wireless IoT transceivers. The custom instructions are tailored to the needs of 8/16/32-bit integer complex arithmetic typically required by quadrature modulations. The proposed extension occupies only 2 major o...
 This article studies the strategic interactions between an IoT service provider (IoTSP) which consists of heterogeneous IoT devices and its energy service provider (ESP). To that end, we propose an economic framework using the Stackelberg game to maximize the network throughput and energy efficiency of both the IoTSP and ESP. To obtain the Stackelb...
 This paper studies an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-assisted wireless powered IoT network, where a rotary-wing UAV adopts fly-hover-communicate protocol to successively visit IoT devices in demand. During the hovering periods, the UAV works on full-duplex mode to simultaneously collect data from the target device and charge other devices within its...
 Interference management and power transfer can provide a significant improvement over the 5th generation mobile networks (5G) dense Internet of Things (IoT) heterogeneous networks (HetNets). In this paper, we present a novel approach to simultaneously manage inferences at the downlink (DL) and uplink (UL), and to identify opportunities for power tr...
 The Internet of things (IoT) has certainly become one of the hottest technology frameworks of the year. It is deep in many industries, affecting people's lives in all directions. The rapid development of the IoT technology accelerates the process of the era of ``Internet of everything'' but also changes the role of terminal equipment at the edge of...
 With the massive growth of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices, how to provide users with recommendation services in the IoT environment has become a research hotspot. Group discovery, as a prerequisite step of group recommendation that can be used to assist groups of users to select services in IoT-enriched environments, has an important impact on re...
 Developing products and entering new markets in the Internet of Things (IoT) and industry 4.0 space are challenging because value propositions and business models are complex. IoT products are fundamentally platform products, whose embedded components can measure a disparate set of characteristics for several user types. Deciding in advance which c...
 In this paper, we propose DRL Track, a framework for target tracking with a collaborative deep reinforcement learning (C-DRL) in Edge-IoT with the aim to obtain high quality of tracking (QoT) and resource-efficient performance. In DRLTrack, a huge number of IoT devices are employed to collect data about a mobile target. One or two edge devices coor...
 The Internet of Things (IoT) is playing an increasingly vital role in multiple industries and our everyday life. A pressing practical problem of IoT devices (IoT-Ds) is their explosive growth of connectivity which leads to large energy consumption. One of the most promising solutions to achieve a sustainable green IoT network is unmanned aerial veh...
 Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have become an essential and important supporting technology for smart Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems. Due to the high computational costs of large-scale DNNs, it might be infeasible to directly deploy them in energy-constrained IoT devices. Through offloading computation-intensive tasks to the cloud or edges, the comp...
 Bio-features are fast becoming a key tool to authenticate the IoT devices; in this sense, the purpose of this investigation is to summaries the factors that hinder biometrics models’ development and deployment on a large scale, including human physiological (e.g., face, eyes, fingerprints-palm, or electrocardiogram) and behavioral features (e.g., s...
 For most Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications, embedded processors typically execute lightweight tasks such as sensing and communication. The typical IoT program senses some information and sends them via a channel, usually a wireless channel with an RF circuit. These IoT nodes often require a system with networking capabilities and a low-power ha...
 This paper studies the interplay between device-to-device (D2D) communications and real-time monitoring systems in a cellular-based Internet of Things (IoT) network. In particular, besides the possibility that the IoT devices communicate directly with each other in a D2D fashion, we consider that they frequently send time-sensitive information/stat...
 Nowadays, users can personalize IoT devices/Web services via Trigger-Action Programming (TAP). As the number of connected entities grows, the relations of triggers and actions become progressively complex (i.e., the heterogeneity of TAP), which becomes a challenge for existing models to completely preserve the heterogeneous data and semantic inform...
 With the fast development of the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, more IoT devices are currently connected with the Internet, resulting in more exchange of information. However, data privacy and security threats have become emerging challenges of the IoT. In this paper, we are concerned about the security of image transmission in green IoT. I...
 In this paper, we study sensing data collection of IoT devices in a sparse IoT-sensor network, using an energy-constrained Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), where the sensory data is stored in IoT devices while the IoT devices may or may not be within the transmission range of each other. We formulate two novel data collection problems to fully or par...
 Deploying a mobile edge computing (MEC) server in the mobile blockchain-enabled Internet of things (IoT) system is a promising approach to improve the system performance, however, it imposes a significant challenge on the trust of the MEC server. To address this problem, we first propose an untrusted MEC proof of work (PoW) scheme in mobile blockch...
 In recent years, Internet of Things (IoT) security has attracted significant interest by researchers due to new characteristics of IoT such as heterogeneity of devices, resource constraints, and new types of attacks targeting IoT. Intrusion detection, which is an indispensable part of a security system, is also included in these studies. In order t...
 In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has been contemplated as the next technological advancement in the era of internet. This paper discloses the architecture of a multilayer, multimode security system for IoT. The proposed system is capable of providing multiple security solutions that support anonymous authentication, device privacy, dat...
 Cloud computing has promoted the success of Internet of Things (IoT) with offering abundant storage and computation resources where the data from IoT sensors can be remotely outsourced to the cloud servers, whereas storing, exchanging and processing data collected through IoT sensors via centralised or decentralised cloud servers make cloud-based I...
 The Software Defined Network in Internet of Things (SDN-IoT) is enjoying growing popularity due to its flexibility, automaticity and programmability. However, there still lack proper permission management on SDN-IoT applications (SIApps), especially when the SIApp’s required northbound interfaces are located in multiple heterogeneous controllers wi...
 The Internet of Things (IoT) edge network has connected lots of heterogeneous smart devices, thanks to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and their groundbreaking emerging applications. Limited computational capacity and energy availability have been major factors hindering the performance of edge user equipment (UE) and IoT devices in IoT edge networ...
 Internet-of-Things (IoT) aims to connect intelligent things to the internet, enable thing-to-everything communication, and sustainability sensing and control. However, the exponential increase of connected IoT devices is resulting in tremendous demand on the limited spectrum. Cognitive radio (CR) technology is envisioned to be one of the main enabl...
 Named data networking (NDN) is an emerging information-centric networking paradigm, in which the Internet of Things (IoT) achieves excellent scalability. Recent literature proposes the concept of NDN-IoT, which maximizes the expansion of IoT applications by deploying NDN in the IoT. In the NDN, the security is built into the network by embedding a ...
 This article analyzes the effectiveness of deploying the Blockchain technology in the implementation of the IoT ecosystem database. To this end, we assess the processing efficiency of transactions originated by smart devices and the storeddata integrity. The processing-efficiency evaluation is carried out through queue-theory-based analytical model...
 Today's IoT devices rely on batteries, which offer stable energy storage but contain harmful chemicals. Having billions of IoT devices powered by batteries is not sustainable for the future. As an alternative, batteryless devices run on long-lived capacitors charged using energy harvesters. The small energy storage capacity of capacitors results in...
 Verifying the integrity of IoT data in cloud-based IoT architectures is crucial for building reliable IoT applications. Traditional data integrity verification methods rely on a Trusted Third Party (TTP) that has issues of risk and operational cost by centralization. Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) has a high potential to verify IoT data integr...