Vehicle Theft Detection Using Machine Learning

 In the age of cloud computing, cloud users with limited storage can outsource their data to remote servers. These servers, in lieu of monetary benefits, offer retrievability of their clients’ data at any point of time. Secure cloud storage protocols enable a client to check integrity of outsourced data. In this article, we explore the possibili...

RECOMMENDATION OF CROP AND FERTILIZER SYSTEM USING MACHINE LEARNING

 Machine learning (ML) can make use of agricultural data related to crop yield under varying Crop based nutrient levels, and climatic fluctuations to suggest appropriate crops or supplementary nutrients to achieve the highest possible production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of five distinct ML models for a dataset sourced ...

ONLINE E-COMMERCE WEBSITE FOR FARMER PRODUCT SALES USING MACHINE LEARNING

  In our day to day life we consume food and our survival is based on mainly food. A considerable amount of our food is coming from farms and other means too. These farmers do their hard work for growing and serving many lives across the country, which pays for their source of income. But due to intermediates in the selling of their final product...

Machine Learning Based Healthcare System for Investigating the Association Between Depression and Quality of Life

 The present study aims to elucidate the main variables that increase the level of depression at the beginning of military conscription service using an artificial neural network (ANN)-based prediction model. Random sample data were obtained from one battalion of the Lithuanian Armed Forces, and a survey was conducted to generate data for the tr...

Fingerprint based attendance in python

 Fingerprint authentication is one of the most popular and accurate technology. Our project is a fingerprint attendance system that records the attendance of students based on their fingerprint matches them against the database to mark their attendance. Fingerprint-based attendance system used for ensures that there is a minimal fault in gatheri...

CONTROLLING WHEELCHAIR BY ANALYSING BRAIN NEURAL AND HEAD MOVEMENTS

 Brain Computer Interface (BCI) sometimes called Brain-Machine Interface (BMI). It is a direct communication pathway between the Brain’s Electrical Activity and external device. Computer based system that acquires brainsignals, analyzes the man dtranslatesthemintocommandsthatarerelayed to an output device to carry out into desired action. We can...

Breast cancer detection using Adaboost classifier

 Breast cancer is a deadly disease; an accurate and early diagnosis of breast cancer is the most efficient method to decrease the death rate. But, in the early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer, differentiating abnormal tissues is a challenging task. In this paper, a weight-based AdaBoost algorithm is proposed for an effective detection a...

Covid-19 outbreak Prediction with the Base of Deep Learning Vgg16

 In this paper, modifications in neoteric architectures such as VGG16, VGG19, ResNet50, and InceptionV3 are proposed for the classification of COVID-19 using chest X-rays. The proposed architectures termed “COV-DLS” consist of two phases: heading model construction and classification. The heading model construction phase utilizes four modified d...

UNDERSTANDING DEPTH OF REFLECTIVE WRITING IN WORKPLACE LEARNINGASSESSMENTS USING MACHINE LEARNING CLASSIFICATION

 The collapse of Dam I, owned by Vale S.A, in Brumadinho-MG (Brazil), among other serious socioenvironmental consequences, contaminated the waters of the Paraopeba River in a stretch of hundreds of kilometers. Considering the relevance of monitoring water quality, and knowing that field evaluation is a time-consuming and costly procedure, the use of...

UNDERSTANDING DEPTH OF REFLECTIVE WRITING IN WORKPLACE LEARNINGASSESSMENTS USING MACHINE LEARNING CLASSIFICATION

 The collapse of Dam I, owned by Vale S.A, in Brumadinho-MG (Brazil), among other serious socioenvironmental consequences, contaminated the waters of the Paraopeba River in a stretch of hundreds of kilometers. Considering the relevance of monitoring water quality, and knowing that field evaluation is a time-consuming and costly procedure, the use of...

3-D DECONVOLUTIONAL NETWORKS FOR THE UNSUPERVISED REPRESENTATION LEARNING OF HUMAN MOTIONS

 The major obstacle for learning-based RF sensing is to obtain a high-quality large-scale annotated dataset. However, unlike visual datasets that can be easily annotated by human workers, RF signal is non-intuitive and non-interpretable, which causes the annotation of RF signals time-consuming and laborious. To resolve the rapacious appetite of anno...

MACHINE LEARNING FOR INTER-TURN SHORT-CIRCUIT FAULT DIAGNOSIS IN PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS

 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) is widely used due to its advantages of high power density, high efficiency and so on. In order to ensure the reliability of a PMSM system, it is extremely vital to accurately diagnose the incipient faults. In this paper, a variety of optimization algorithms are utilized to realize the diagnosis of the faul...

I LET DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY DROWN ME…” IDENTIFYING FACTORS ASSOCIATEDWITH RESILIENCE BASED ON JOURNALING USING MACHINE LEARNING AND THEMATIC

 Over the years, there has been a global increase in the use of technology to deliver interventions for health and wellness, such as improving people’s mental health and resilience. An example of such technology is the Q-Life app which aims to improve people’s resilience to stress and adverse life events through various coping mechanisms, including ...

FUSING SELL-SIDE ANALYST BIDIRECTIONAL FORECASTS USING MACHINE LEARNING

 Sell-side analysts’ recommendations are primarily targeted at institutional investors mandated to invest across many companies within client-mandated equity benchmarks, such as the FTSE/JSE All-Share index. Given the numerous sell-side recommendations for a single stock, making unbiased investment decisions is not often straightforward for portfoli...

FAIRNESS IN SEMI-SUPERVISED LEARNING: UNLABELED DATA HELP TO REDUCE DISCRIMINATION

 Machine learning is widely deployed in society, unleashing its power in a wide rangeof applications owing to the advent of big data.One emerging problem faced by machine learning is the discrimination from data, and such discrimination is reflected in the eventual decisions made by the algorithms. Recent study has proved that increasing the size of...

ENRICHING THE TRANSFER LEARNING WITH PRE-TRAINED LEXICON EMBEDDINGFOR LOW-RESOURCE NEURAL MACHINE TRANSLATION

 Most State-Of-The-Art (SOTA) Neural Machine Translation (NMT) systems today achieve outstanding results based only on large parallel corpora. The large-scale parallel corpora for high-resource languages is easily obtainable. However, the translation quality of NMT for morphologically rich languages is still unsatisfactory, mainly because of the dat...

AUTOMATED SCREENING SYSTEM FOR ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA DETECTION

 Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a subtype of acute leukemia, which is prevalent among adults.The average age of a person with AML is 65 years. The need for automation of leukemia detection arises since current methods involve manual examination of the blood smear as the first step toward diagnosis. This is time-consuming, and its accuracy depen...

AN ONLINE TRANSFER LEARNING FRAMEWORK WITH EXTREME LEARNING MACHINFOR AUTOMATED CREDIT SCORINGE

 Automated Credit Scoring (ACS) is the process of predicting user credit based on historical data. It involves analyzing and predicting the association between the data and particular credit values based on similar data. Recently, ACS has been handled as a machine learning problem, and numerous models were developed to address it. In this paper, we ...

THE HIDDEN SEXUAL MINORITIES: MACHINE LEARNING APPROACHES TO ESTIMATE THE SEXUAL MINORITY ORIENTATION AMONG BEIJING COLLEGE STUDENTS

 The availability of digital technology in the hands of every citizenry worldwide makes an availableunprecedented massive amount of data. The capability to process these gigantic amounts of data in real-time with Big Data Analytics (BDA) tools and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms carries many paybacks. However, the highnumber of free BDA tools, plat...

ON THE SYNERGIES BETWEEN MACHINE LEARNING AND BINOCULAR STEREO FO DEPTH ESTIMATION FROM IMAGES A SURVEY

 Stereo matching is one of the longest-standing problems in computer vision with close to 40 years of studies and research. Throughout the years the paradigm has shifted from local, pixel-level decision to various forms of discrete and continuous optimization to data-driven, learning-based methods.Recently, the rise of machine learning and the rapid...

MACHINE LEARNING AND MARKETING A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW

 Even though machine learning (ML) applications are not novel, they have gained popularity partly due to the advance in computing processing.This study explores the adoption of ML methods in marketing applications through a bibliographic review of the period 2008–2022. In this period, the adoption of ML in marketing has grown significantly. This gro...

ICS: TOTAL FREEDOM IN MANUAL TEXT CLASSIFICATION SUPPORTED BY UNOBTRUSIVE MACHINE LEARNING

 We present the Interactive Classification System (ICS), a web-based application that supports the activity of manual text classification.The application uses machine learning to continuously fit automatic classification models that are in turn used to actively support its users with classification suggestions. The key requirement we have establishe...

MACHINE LEARNING FOR STRUCTURE DETERMINATION IN SINGLE-PARTICLE CRYO ELECTRON MICROSCOPY: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

 Traditionally, X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy represent major workhorses of structural biologists, with the lion share of protein structures reported in protein data bank (PDB) being generated by these powerful techniques.Despite their wide utilization in protein structure determination, these two techniques have logical limitations, wi...

Data Privacy and key based security using SH256

 Information security means protecting data, such as a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users. Information Security can be achieved by using cryptographic techniques. It is now very much demanding to develop a system to ensure better long lasting security services for message transaction over the Intern...

Covid-19 outbreak Prediction with the Base of Deep Learning Vgg16

  In recent months, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected millions of people worldwide. In addition to the clinical tests like reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), medical imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) can be used as a rapid technique to detect and evaluate patients infected by COVID...

EMOJI TEXT BASED CHATBOT MUSIC RECOMMENDATION SYSTEM USING MACHINE LEARNING

 Emojis are used in Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) as a way to express paralinguistics otherwise missing from text, such as facial expressions or gestures. However, finding an emoji on the ever expanding emoji list is a linear search problem and most users end up using a small subset of emojis that are near the top of the emoji list. Current ...

A MULTIPLE GRADIENT DESCENT DESIGN FOR MULTI-TASK LEARNING ON EDGE COMPUTING MULTI-OBJECTIVE MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH

 In multi-task learning, multiple tasks are solved jointly, sharing inductive bias between them. Multi-task learning is inherently a multi-objective problem because different tasks may conflict, necessitating a trade-off. A common compromise is to optimize a proxy objective that minimizes a weighted linear combination of pertask losses. However, thi...

INTEGRATING MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS WITH QUANTUM ANNEALING SOLVERS FOR ONLINE FRAUD DETECTION

 Machine learning has been increasingly applied in identification of fraudulent transactions. However, most application systems detect duplicitous activities after they have already occurred, not at or near real time. Since spurious transactions are far fewer than the normal ones, the highly imbalanced data makes fraud detection very challenging and...

LEARNING WITH SELECTED FEATURES

 Feature selection is the task of choosing a small subset of features that is sufficient to predict the target labels well. Here, instead of trying to directly determine which features are better, we attempt to learn the properties of good features. For this purpose we assume that each feature is represented by a set of properties, referred to as me...

MACHINE LEARNING TO IDENTIFY PSYCHOMOTOR BEHAVIORS OF DELIRIUM FOR PATIENTS IN LONG-TERM CARE FACILITY

 This study aimed to develop accurate and explainable machine learning models for three psychomotor behaviors of delirium for hospitalized adult patients.A prospective pilot study was conducted with 33 participants admitted to a long-term care facility between August 10 and 25, 2020. During the pilot study, we collected 560 cases that included 33 cl...

PREDICTING BRAIN AGE USING MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS A COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION

 The rise of machine learning has unlocked new ways of analysing structural neuroimaging data, including brain age prediction. In this state-of-the-art review, we provide an introduction to the methods and potential clinical applications of brain age prediction. Studies on brain age typically involve the creation of a regression machine learning mod...

QUANTUM-INSPIRED MACHINE LEARNING FOR 6G FUNDAMENTALS, SECURITY, RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS, CHALLENGES, AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS

 Quantum computing is envisaged as an evolving paradigm for solving computationally complex optimization problems with a large-number factorization and exhaustive search.Recently, there has been a proliferating growth of the size of multi-dimensional datasets, the input-output space dimensionality, and data structures. Hence, the conventional machin...

PREDICTION OF DIABETES EMPOWERED WITH FUSED MACHINE LEARNING

 In the medical field, it is essential to predict diseases early to prevent them. Diabetes is one of the most dangerous diseases all over the world. In modern lifestyles, sugar and fat are typically present in our dietary habits, which have increased the risk of diabetes To predict the disease, it is extremely important to understand its symptoms. C...

META-TRANSFER LEARNING THROUGH HARD TASKS

 Meta-learning has been proposed as a framework to address the challenging few-shot learning setting. The key idea is to leverage a large number of similar few-shot tasks in order to learn how to adapt a base-learner to a new task for which only a few labeled samples are available. As deep neural networks (DNNs) tend to overfit using a few samples o...

MACHINE LEARNING BASED HEALTHCARE SYSTEM FOR INVESTIGATING THE.ASSOCIATION BETWEEN DEPRESSION AND QUALITY OF LIFE

 Machine learning (ML) algorithms are nowadays widely adopted in different contexts to perform autonomous decisions and predictions. Due to the high volume of data shared in the recent years, ML algorithms are more accurate and reliable since training and testing phases are more precise. An important concept to analyze when defining ML algorithms co...

CREDIT CARD FRAUD DETECTION USING STATE-OF-THE-ART MACHINE LEARNING AND DEEP LEARNING ALGORITHMS

 The usage of credit cards for online and regular purchases is exponentially increasing and so is the fraud related with it. A large number of fraud transactions are made every day. Various modern techniques like artificial neural network Different machine learning algorithms are compared, including Logistic Regression, Decision Trees, Random Forest...

COGNITIVE WORKLOAD RECOGNITION USING EEG SIGNALS AND MACHINE LEARNING A REVIEW

 Machine learning and its subfield deep learning techniques provide opportunities for the development of operator mental state monitoring, especially for cognitive workload recognition using electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. Although a variety of machine learning methods have been proposed for recognizing cognitive workload via EEG recently, there...

ANOMALY DETECTION IN SELF-ORGANIZING NETWORKS CONVENTIONAL VERSUS.CONTEMPORARY MACHINE LEARNING

 This paper presents a comparison of conventional and modern machine (deep) learning within the framework of anomaly detection in self-organizing networks. While deep learning has gained significant traction, especially in application scenarios where large volumes of data can be collected and processed, conventional methods may yet offer strong stat...

A REVIEW ON MACHINE LEARNING STYLES IN COMPUTER VISION—TECHNIQUES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS

 Due to the advancement in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the ability to tackle entire problems of machine intelligence. Nowadays, Machine learning (ML) is becoming a hot topic due to the direct training of machines with less interaction with a human.The scenario of manual feeding of the machine is changed in the modern era, it will lear...

A NOVEL TWO-MODE INTEGRAL APPROACH FOR THERMAL ERROR MODELING IN CNC MILLING-TURNING MACHINING CENTER

 Thermal errors have the largest contribution, as much as about 70%, to the machining inaccuracy of computer-numerical-controlled (CNC) machining centers. The error compensation method so far plays the most popular and effective way to minimize the thermal error. How to accurately and quickly build an applicable thermal error model (TEM) is the kern...

A MINI-REVIEW OF MACHINE LEARNING IN BIG DATA ANALYTICS APPLICATIONS, CHALLENGES, AND PROSPECTS

 The availability of digital technology in the hands of every citizenry worldwide makes an availableunprecedented massive amount of data. The capability to process these gigantic amounts of data in real-time with Big Data Analytics (BDA) tools and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms carries many paybacks. However, the highnumber of free BDA tools, plat...

SCALABLE AND PRACTICAL NATURAL GRADIENT FOR LARGE-SCALE DEEP LEARNING

 large-scale distributed training of deep neural networks results in models with worse generalization performance as a result of the increase in the effective mini-batch size. previous approaches attempt to address this problem by varying the learning rate and batch size over epochs and layers, or ad hoc modifications of batch normalization we propo...

ADVERSARIAL EVOLVING NEURAL NETWORK FOR LONGITUDINAL KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS PREDICTION

 Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) as a disabling joint disease has doubled in prevalence since the mid-20th century. Early diagnosis for the longitudinal KOA grades has been increasingly important for effective monitoring and intervention. Although recent studies have achieved promising performance for baseline KOA grading, longitudinal KOA grading has bee...

UNSUPERVISED DEEP BACKGROUND MATTING USING DEEP MATTE PRIOR

 Background matting is a recently developed image matting approach, with applications to image and video editing. It refers to estimating both the alpha matte and foreground from a pair of images with and without foreground objects. Recent work has applied deep learning to background matting, with very promising performance achieved. However, existi...

UNSUPERVISED ALGORITHMS TO DETECT ZERO-DAYATTACKS STRATEGY AND APPLICATION

 ? In the last decade, researchers, practitioners and companies struggled for devising mechanisms to detect cyber-security threats. Among others, those efforts originated rule-based, signature-based or supervised Machine Learning (ML) algorithms that were proven effective for detecting those intrusions that have already been encountered and characte...

TRAFFIC PREDICTION FOR INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM USING MACHINE LEARNING

 The most vital information about the electrical activities of the brain can be obtained with the help of Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. It is quite a powerful tool to analyze the neural activities of the brain and various neurological disorders like epilepsy, schizophrenia, sleep related disorders, parkinson disease etc. can be investigated ...

SASDL AND RBATQ: SPARSE AUTOENCODER WITH SWARM BASED DEEP LEARNING AND REINFORCEMENT BASED Q-LEARNING FOR EEG CLASSIFICATION

 The most vital information about the electrical activities of the brain can be obtained with the help of Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. It is quite a powerful tool to analyze the neural activities of the brain and various neurological disorders like epilepsy, schizophrenia, sleep related disorders, parkinson disease etc. can be investigated ...

QUANTIFYING THE ALIGNMENT OF GRAPH AND FEATURES IN DEEP LEARNING

 We show that the classification performance of graph convolutional networks (GCNs) is related to the alignment between features, graph, and ground truth, which we quantify using a subspace alignment measure (SAM) corresponding to the Frobenius norm of the matrix of pairwise chordal distances between three subspaces associated with features, graph, ...

PREDICTION OF 12 PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBER OPTICAL PROPERTIES USING MLP IN DEEP LEARNING

 Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) are the specialized optical waveguides that led to many interesting applications ranging from nonlinear optical signal processing to high-power fiber amplifiers. In this paper, machine learning techniques are used to compute various optical properties including effective index, effective mode area, dispersion and conf...

POLLEN GRAINS CLASSIFICATION WITH A DEEP LEARNING SYSTEM GPU-TRAINED

 Traditional approaches to automatic classification of pollen grains consisted of classifiers working with feature extractors designed by experts, which modeled pollen grains aspects of special importance for biologists. Recently, a Deep Learning (DL) algorithm called Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has shown a great improvement in performance in...

Multi-Agent Deep Reinforcement Learning-Empowered Channel Allocation in Vehicular Networks

 With the rapid development of vehicular networks, vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications have huge number of tasks to be calculated, which brings challenges to the scarce network resources. Cloud servers can alleviate the terrible situation regarding the lack of computing abilities of vehicular user equipment (VUE), but the limited resources, t...

MODULARIZING DEEP LEARNING VIA PAIRWISE LEARNING WITH KERNELS

 By redefining the conventional notions of layers, we present an alternative view on finitely wide, fully trainable deep neural networks as stacked linear models in feature spaces, leading to a kernel machine interpretation. Based on this construction, we then propose a provably optimal modular learning framework for classification that does not req...

MACHINE LEARNING AND DEEP LEARNING APPROACHES FOR CYBERSECURITY A

 The detection and prevention of a network intrusion is a major concern. Machine Learning and Deep Learning methods detect network intrusions by predicting the risk with the help of training the data. Various machine learning and deep learning methods have been proposed over the years which are shown to be more accurate when compared to other networ...

LEARNING FROM NOISY DATA AN UNSUPERVISED RANDOM DENOISING METHOD FOR SEISMIC DATA USING MODEL-BASED DEEP LEARNING

 For the noise removal problem of noisy seismic data, an improved noise reduction technique based on feedforward denoising neural network (DnCNN) is proposed. The previous DnCNN, which was designed to minimise noise in seismic data, had an issue with a large network depth, which hampered training efficiency. The revised DnCNN technique was previousl...

IPHOSS(DEEP)-PSEAAC: IDENTIFICATION OF PHOSPHOSERINE SITES IN PROTEINS USING DEEP LEARNING ON GENERAL PSEUDO AMINO ACID COMPOSITIONS

 Phosphoaspartate is one of the major components of eukaryotes and prokaryotic two-component signaling pathways, and it communicates the signal from the sensor of histidine kinase, through the response regulator, to the DNA alongside transcription features and initiates the transcription of correct response genes. Thus, the prediction of phosphoaspa...

INVESTIGATING DEEP LEARNING BASED BREAST CANCER SUBTYPING USING PAN-CANCER AND MULTI-OMIC DATA

 Breast Cancer comprises multiple subtypes implicated in prognosis. Existing stratification methods rely on the expression quantification of small gene sets. Next Generation Sequencing promises large amounts of omic data in the next years. In this scenario, we explore the potential of machine learning and, particularly, deep learning for breast canc...

INFERENCE OF BRAIN STATES UNDER ANESTHESIA WITH META LEARNING BASED DEEP LEARNING MODELS

 Monitoringthe depth of unconsciousnessduring anesthesia is beneficial in both clinical settings and neuroscience investigations to understand brain mechanisms. Electroencephalogram(EEG) has been used as an objective means of characterizing brain altered arousal and/or cognition states induced by anesthetics in real-time. Different general anestheti...

HUMAN-IN-THE-LOOP EXTRACTION OF INTERPRETABLE CONCEPTS IN DEEP LEARNING MODELS

 The interpretation of deep neural networks (DNNs) has become a key topic as more and more people apply them to solve various problems and making critical decisions. Concept-based explanations have recently become a popular approach for post-hoc interpretation of DNNs. However, identifying human-understandable visual concepts that affect model decis...

FEDERATED DEEP LEARNING FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF CEREBELLAR ATAXIA: PRIVACY PRESERVATION AND AUTO-CRAFTED FEATURE EXTRACTOR

 Cerebellar ataxia (CA) is concerned with the incoordination of movement caused by cerebellar dysfunction. Movements of the eyes, speech, trunk, and limbs are affected. Conventional machine learning approaches utilizing centralised databases have been used to objectively diagnose and quantify the severity of CA . Although these approaches achieved ...

FACIAL DEPRESSION RECOGNITION BY DEEP JOINT LABEL DISTRIBUTION AND METRIC LEARNING

 In mental health assessment, it is validated that nonverbal cues like facial expressions can be indicative of depressive disorders. Recently, the multimodal fusion of facial appearance and dynamics based on convolutional neural networks has demonstrated encouraging performance in depression analysis. However, correlation and complementarity between...

DEPTH SELECTION FOR DEEP RELU NETS IN FEATURE EXTRACTION AND GENERALIZATION

 Deep learning is recognized to be capable of discovering deep features for representation learning and pattern recognition without requiring elegant feature engineering techniques by taking advantage of human ingenuity and prior knowledge. Thus it has triggered enormous research activities in machine learning and pattern recognition. One of the mos...

DEEPKEYGEN: A DEEP LEARNING-BASED STREAM CIPHER GENERATOR FOR MEDICAL IMAGE ENCRYPTION AND DECRYPTION

 The need for medical image encryption is increasingly pronounced, for example to safeguard the privacy of the patients’ medical imaging data. In this paper, a novel deep learningbased key generation network (DeepKeyGen) is proposed as a stream cipher generator to generate the private key, which can then be used for encrypting and decrypting of medi...

DEEP LEARNING IN NUCLEAR INDUSTRY: A SURVEY

 As a high-tech strategic emerging comprehensive industry, the nuclear industry is committed to the research, production, and processing of nuclear fuel, as well as the development and utilization of nuclear energy. Nowadays, the nuclear industry has made remarkable progress in the application fields of nuclear weapons, nuclear power, nuclear medica...

DEEP LEARNING FOR PERSON RE-IDENTIFICATION: A SURVEY AND OUTLOOK

 Person re-identification (Re-ID) aims at retrieving a person of interest across multiple non-overlapping cameras. With the advancement of deep neural networks and increasing demand of intelligent video surveillance, it has gained significantly increased interest in the computer vision community. By dissecting the involved components in developing a...

COMBINING DEEP LEARNING MODEL COMPRESSION TECHNIQUES

 In this article, we evaluate the performance ofcombining several model compression techniques. The techni-ques assessed were dark knowledge distillation, pruning, andquantization. We use the classification of chest x-rays as ascenario of experimentation. From this scenario, we found thatthe combination of these three techniques yielded a new modelc...

BITCOIN TRANSACTION FORECASTING WITH DEEP.NETWORK REPRESENTATION LEARNING

 Bitcoin and its decentralized computing paradigm for digital currency trading are one of the most disruptive technology in the 21st century. This paper presents a novel approach to developing a Bitcoin transaction forecast model, DLForecast, by leveraging deep neural networks for learning Bitcoin transaction network representations. DLForecast make...

A DEEP LEARNING APPROACH FOR TASK OFFLOADING IN MULTI-UAV AIDED MOBILE EDGE COMPUTING

 A number of electric devices in buildings can be considered as important demand response (DR) resources, for instance, the battery energy storage system (BESS) and the heat, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. The conventional model-based DR methods rely on efficient ondemand computing resources. However, the current buildings suffer ...

A DEEP LEARNING APPROACH FOR TASK OFFLOADING IN MULTI-UAV AIDED MOBILE EDGE COMPUTING

 A number of electric devices in buildings can be considered as important demand response (DR) resources, for instance, the battery energy storage system (BESS) and the heat, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. The conventional model-based DR methods rely on efficient ondemand computing resources. However, the current buildings suffer ...

DRIVER DROWSINESS AND ALCOHOL DETECTION WITH CAR TRACKING SYSTEM USING IOT

 Drowsiness in driving causes the major road accidents. Now a day’s drowsiness due to drunken driving is increasing. If driver is found to be drowsiness in eyes more than 5 secs, then the eye blink sensor senses the blink rate. If the eyes are found to be closed, then the speed of the car slows down. In our proposed system, along with drowsiness, al...

UNSUPERVISED ALGORITHMS TO DETECT ZERO-DAY.ATTACKS STRATEGY AND APPLICATION

 ? In the last decade, researchers, practitioners and companies struggled for devising mechanisms to detect cyber-security threats. Among others, those efforts originated rule-based, signature-based or supervised Machine Learning (ML) algorithms that were proven effective for detecting those intrusions that have already been encountered and characte...

A SURVEY ON MATHEMATICAL, MACHINE LEARNING AND DEEP LEARNING MODELS FOR COVID-19 TRANSMISSION AND DIAGNOSIS

 COVID-19 is a life threatening disease which has a enormous global impact. As the cause of the disease is a novel coronavirus whose gene information is unknown, drugs and vaccines are yet to be found. For the present situation, disease spread analysis and prediction with the help of mathematical and data driven model will be of great help to initia...

A HYBRID CLOUD AND EDGE CONTROL STRATEGY FOR DEMAND RESPONSES USING DEEP REINFORCEMENT LEARNING AND TRANSFER LEARNING

 A HYBRID CLOUD AND EDGE CONTROL STRATEGY FOR DEMAND RESPONSES USING DEEP REINFORCEMENT LEARNING AND TRANSFER LEARNING...

QUANTIFYING THE ALIGNMENT OF GRAPH AND FEATURES IN DEEP LEARNING

 We show that the classification performance of graph convolutional networks (GCNs) is related to the alignment between features, graph, and ground truth, which we quantify using a subspace alignment measure (SAM) corresponding to the Frobenius norm of the matrix of pairwise chordal distances between three subspaces associated with features, graph, ...

HUMAN-IN-THE-LOOP EXTRACTION OF INTERPRETABLE CONCEPTS IN DEEP LEARNING MODELS

 The interpretation of deep neural networks (DNNs) has become a key topic as more and more people apply them to solve various problems and making critical decisions. Concept-based explanations have recently become a popular approach for post-hoc interpretation of DNNs. However, identifying human-understandable visual concepts that affect model decis...

MACHINE LEARNING AND DEEP LEARNING APPROACHES FOR CYBERSECURITY

 The detection and prevention of a network intrusion is a major concern. Machine Learning and Deep Learning methods detect network intrusions by predicting the risk with the help of training the data. Various machine learning and deep learning methods have been proposed over the years which are shown to be more accurate when compared to other networ...

SCALABLE AND PRACTICAL NATURAL GRADIENT FOR LARGE-SCALE DEEP LEARNING

 large-scale distributed training of deep neural networks results in models with worse generalization performance as a result of the increase in the effective mini-batch size. previous approaches attempt to address this problem by varying the learning rate and batch size over epochs and layers, or ad hoc modifications of batch normalization we propo...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON RECENT ADVANCEMENTS IN DEEP AND MACHINE LEARNING BASED DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA

 Automatic Leukemia or blood cancer detection is a challenging job and is very much required in healthcare centers. It has a significant role in early diagnosis and treatment planning. Leukemia is a hematological disorder that starts from the bone marrow and affects white blood cells (WBCs). Microscopic analysis of WBCs is a preferred approach for a...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON RECENT ADVANCEMENTS IN DEEP AND MACHINE LEARNING BASED DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA

 Automatic Leukemia or blood cancer detection is a challenging job and is very much required in healthcare centers. It has a significant role in early diagnosis and treatment planning. Leukemia is a hematological disorder that starts from the bone marrow and affects white blood cells (WBCs). Microscopic analysis of WBCs is a preferred approach for a...

A REVIEW ON DEEP LEARNING TECHNIQUES FOR VIDEO PREDICTION

 The ability to predict, anticipate and reason about future outcomes is a key component of intelligent decision-making systems. In light of the success of deep learning in computer vision, deep-learning-based video prediction emerged as a promising research direction. Defined as a self-supervised learning task, video prediction represents a suitable...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW TOWARDS BIG DATA ANALYTICS IN SOCIAL MEDIA

 The recent advancement in internet 2.0 creates a scope to connect people worldwide using society 2.0 and web 2.0 technologies. This new era allows the consumer to directly connect with other individuals, business corporations, and the governmentPeople are open to sharing opinions, views, and ideas on any topic in different formats out loud. This cr...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW TOWARDS BIG DATA ANALYTICS IN SOCIAL MEDIA

 The recent advancement in internet 2.0 creates a scope to connect people worldwide using society 2.0 and web 2.0 technologies. This new era allows the consumer to directly connect with other individuals, business corporations, and the governmentPeople are open to sharing opinions, views, and ideas on any topic in different formats out loud. This cr...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW TOWARDS BIG DATA ANALYTICS IN SOCIAL MEDIA

 The recent advancement in internet 2.0 creates a scope to connect people worldwide using society 2.0 and web 2.0 technologies. This new era allows the consumer to directly connect with other individuals, business corporations, and the governmentPeople are open to sharing opinions, views, and ideas on any topic in different formats out loud. This cr...

AI EMPOWERED RIS-ASSISTED NOMA NETWORKS: DEEP LEARNING OR REINFORCEMENT LEARNING

 A novel reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs)- based transmission framework is proposed for downlink nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) networks. We propose a quality-of-service (QoS)-based clustering scheme to improve the resource efficiency and formulate a sum rate maximization problem by jointly optimizing the phase shift of the RIS and t...

COMBINING DEEP LEARNING MODEL COMPRESSION TECHNIQUES

 In this article, we evaluate the performance ofcombining several model compression techniques. The techni-ques assessed were dark knowledge distillation, pruning, andquantization. We use the classification of chest x-rays as ascenario of experimentation. From this scenario, we found thatthe combination of these three techniques yielded a new modelc...

COMBINING DEEP LEARNING MODEL COMPRESSION TECHNIQUES

 In this article, we evaluate the performance ofcombining several model compression techniques. The techni-ques assessed were dark knowledge distillation, pruning, andquantization. We use the classification of chest x-rays as ascenario of experimentation. From this scenario, we found thatthe combination of these three techniques yielded a new modelc...

DEEP LEARNING FOR PERSON RE-IDENTIFICATION: A SURVEY AND OUTLOOK

 Person re-identification (Re-ID) aims at retrieving a person of interest across multiple non-overlapping cameras. With the advancement of deep neural networks and increasing demand of intelligent video surveillance, it has gained significantly increased interest in the computer vision community. By dissecting the involved components in developing a...

DEEP LEARNING IN NUCLEAR INDUSTRY: A SURVEY

 As a high-tech strategic emerging comprehensive industry, the nuclear industry is committed to the research, production, and processing of nuclear fuel, as well as the development and utilization of nuclear energy. Nowadays, the nuclear industry has made remarkable progress in the application fields of nuclear weapons, nuclear power, nuclear medica...

FACIAL DEPRESSION RECOGNITION BY DEEP JOINT LABEL DISTRIBUTION AND METRIC LEARNING

 In mental health assessment, it is validated that nonverbal cues like facial expressions can be indicative of depressive disorders. Recently, the multimodal fusion of facial appearance and dynamics based on convolutional neural networks has demonstrated encouraging performance in depression analysis. However, correlation and complementarity between...

INFERENCE OF BRAIN STATES UNDER ANESTHESIA WITH META LEARNING BASED DEEP LEARNING MODELS

 Monitoringthe depth of unconsciousnessduring anesthesia is beneficial in both clinical settings and neuroscience investigations to understand brain mechanisms. Electroencephalogram(EEG) has been used as an objective means of characterizing brain altered arousal and/or cognition states induced by anesthetics in real-time. Different general anestheti...

IPHOSS(DEEP)-PSEAAC: IDENTIFICATION OF PHOSPHOSERINE SITES IN PROTEINS USING DEEP LEARNING ON GENERAL PSEUDO AMINO ACID COMPOSITIONS

 Phosphoaspartate is one of the major components of eukaryotes and prokaryotic two-component signaling pathways, and it communicates the signal from the sensor of histidine kinase, through the response regulator, to the DNA alongside transcription features and initiates the transcription of correct response genes. Thus, the prediction of phosphoaspa...

MODULARIZING DEEP LEARNING VIA PAIRWISE LEARNING WITH KERNELS

 By redefining the conventional notions of layers, we present an alternative view on finitely wide, fully trainable deep neural networks as stacked linear models in feature spaces, leading to a kernel machine interpretation. Based on this construction, we then propose a provably optimal modular learning framework for classification that does not req...

POLLEN GRAINS CLASSIFICATION WITH A DEEP LEARNING SYSTEM GPU-TRAINED

 Traditional approaches to automatic classification of pollen grains consisted of classifiers working with feature extractors designed by experts, which modeled pollen grains aspects of special importance for biologists. Recently, a Deep Learning (DL) algorithm called Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has shown a great improvement in performance in...

PREDICTION OF 12 PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBER OPTICAL PROPERTIES USING MLP IN DEEP LEARNING

 Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) are the specialized optical waveguides that led to many interesting applications ranging from nonlinear optical signal processing to high-power fiber amplifiers. In this paper, machine learning techniques are used to compute various optical properties including effective index, effective mode area, dispersion and conf...

SASDL AND RBATQ: SPARSE AUTOENCODER WITH SWARM BASED DEEP LEARNING AND REINFORCEMENT BASED Q-LEARNING FOR EEG CLASSIFICATION

 The most vital information about the electrical activities of the brain can be obtained with the help of Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. It is quite a powerful tool to analyze the neural activities of the brain and various neurological disorders like epilepsy, schizophrenia, sleep related disorders, parkinson disease etc. can be investigated ...

UNSUPERVISED DEEP BACKGROUND MATTING USING DEEP MATTE PRIOR

 Background matting is a recently developed image matting approach, with applications to image and video editing. It refers to estimating both the alpha matte and foreground from a pair of images with and without foreground objects. Recent work has applied deep learning to background matting, with very promising performance achieved. However, existi...

A Review on Deep Learning Techniques for Video Prediction

 The ability to predict, anticipate and reason about future outcomes is a key component of intelligent decision-making systems. In light of the success of deep learning in computer vision, deep-learning-based video prediction emerged as a promising research direction. Defined as a self-supervised learning task, video prediction represents a suitable...

PREDICTION OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE USING DEEP NEURAL NETWORK

 Deep neural Network (DNN) is becoming a focal point in Machine Learning research. Its application is penetrating into different fields and solving intricate and complex problems. DNN is now been applied in health image processing to detect various ailment such as cancer and diabetes. Another disease that is causing threat to our health is the kidne...

IRIS TUMOR DETECTION USING CNN

 Iris tumors, so called intraocular tumors are kind of tumors that start in the iris; the colored part of the eye that surrounds the pupil. There is a need for an accurate and cost-effective iris tumor detection system since the available techniques used currently are still not efficient. The combination of the image processing different techniques ...

HUMAN STRESS DETECTION AND PREDICTION USING ANN

 The present study aims to elucidate the main variables that increase the level of stress at the beginning of military conscription service using an artificial neural network (ANN)-based prediction model. Random sample data were obtained from one battalion of the Lithuanian Armed Forces, and a survey was conducted to generate data for the training a...

FACE RECOGNITION BASED ATTENDANCE IN PYTHON

 In this paper, we propose a system that takes the attendance of students for classroom lecture. Our system takes the attendance automatically using face recognition. However, it is difficult to estimate the attendance precisely using each result of face recognition independently because the face detection rate is not sufficiently high. In this pape...

ENERGY CONSUMPTION PREDICTION BY USING MACHINE LEARNING FOR SMART BUILDING

 Building Energy Management System (BEMS) has been a substantial topic nowadays due to its importance in reducing energy wastage. However, the performance of one of BEMS applications which is energy consumption prediction has been stagnant due to problems such as low prediction accuracy. Thus, this research aims to address the problems by developing...

DRIVER DROWSINESS DETECTION USING MACHINE LEARNING IMAGE PROCESSING

 Drowsiness of drivers is one of the significant cause of road accidents. Every year, there is an increase in the amount of deaths and fatal injuries globally. By detecting the driver’s drowsiness, road accidents can be reduced. This paper describes a machine learning approach for drowsiness detection. Face detection is employed to locate the region...

COVID-19 prediction using CNN Algorithm

 Deep learning (DL) has proved successful in medical imaging and, in the wake of the recent COVID-19 pandemic, some works have started to investigate DL-based solutions for the assisted diagnosis of lung diseases. While existing works focus on CT scans, this paper studies the application of DL techniques for the analysis of lung ultra sonography (LU...

AUTOMATIC FORENSIC SKETCH TO IMAGE GENERATOR USING GAN

 Image processing has been a crucial tool for refining the image or to boost the image. With the improvement of machine learning tools, the image processing task has been simplified to great range. Generating a semantic and photographic face image, from a sketch image or text description has always been an extremely important issue. Sketch images ba...

AI BASED STROKE DISEASES PREDICTION

 Since stroke disease often causes death or serious disability, active primary prevention and early detection of prognostic symptoms are very important. Stroke diseases can be divided into ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke, and they should be minimized by emergency treatment such as thrombolytic or coagulant administration by type. First, it is...

ROAD LANE DETECTION USING MACHINE LEARNING

 Road lane detection systems play a crucial role in the context of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADASs) and autonomous driving. Such systems can lessen road accidents and increase driving safety by alerting the driver in risky traffic situations. Additionally, the detection of ego lanes with their left and right boundaries along with the recog...

STRESS DETECTION USING GALVANIC SKIN RESPONSE: AN ANDROID APPLICATION

 Stress is one of the factors that affect human health in many aspects. It is considered as one of the culprits in increasing the risk of getting sick that could probably lead to critical physical or mental illnesses. Stress can be experienced everywhere and in different circumstances. Hence, stress should be controlled and managed by monitoring its...

SENTIMENTAL ANALYSIS USING A CODE-MIX DATASET OF TAMIL-ENGLISH

 This paper describes the development of a multilingual, manually annotated dataset for three under-resourced Dravidian languages generated from social media comments. The dataset was annotated for sentiment analysis and offensive language identification for a total of more than 60,000 YouTube comments. The dataset consists of around 44,000 comments...

PCOS DETECTION AND PREDICTION USING CNN MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS

 Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition which causes hormonal disorder in women in their childbearing years. The hormonal imbalance leads to a delayed or even absent menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS majorly suffer from excessive weight gain, facial hair growth, acne, hair loss, skin darkening and irregular periods leading to inferti...

ONLINE PLANT SALES RECOMMENDER SYSTEM USING MACHINE LEARNING

 In today's technical era, every startup or a company attempt to establish a better sort of communication between their Plants and the users, and for that purpose, they require a type of mechanism which can promote their plant effectively, and here the recommender system serves this motive. It is basically a filtering system that tries to predict an...

MACHINE LEARNING-BASED AUTOMATIC CLASSIFICATION OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS SEVERITY USING GAIT DATA AND RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGES

 Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of disability among elderly adults, and it causes pain and discomfort and limits the functional independence of such adults. The aim of this study was the development of an automated classification model for KOA, based on the Kellgren–Lawrence (KL) grading system, using radiographic imaging and gait anal...

Fabric defects detection using convolution neural network and multispectral imaging

 Manual inspection of textiles is a long, tedious, and costly method. Technology has solved this problem by developing automatic systems for textile inspection. However, Jacquard fabrics present a challenge because patterns can be complex and seemingly random to systems. Only a few in-depth studies have been conducted on jacquard fabrics despite the...

EAD-NET A NOVEL LESION SEGMENTATION METHOD IN DIABETIC RETINOPATHY USING NEURAL NETWORKS

 Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common chronic fundus disease, which has four different kinds of microvessel structure and microvascular lesions: microaneurysms (MAs), hemorrhages (HEs), hard exudates, and soft exudates. Accurate detection and counting of them are a basic but important work. The manual annotation of these lesions is a labor-intensiv...

ABANDONED OBJECT DETECTION VIA TEMPORAL CONSISTENCY MODELING AND BACK TRACING VERIFICATION FOR VISUAL SURVEILLANCE THROUGH IOT

 This paper presents an effective approach for detecting abandoned luggage in surveillance videos. We combine short- and long-term background models to extract foreground objects, where each pixel in an input image is classified as a 2-bit code. Subsequently, we introduce a framework to identify static foreground regions based on the temporal transi...

EPILEPTIC SEIZURES PREDICTION USING IOT AND MACHINE LEARNING

 Epilepsy is a type of neurological disorder that causes abnormal brain activities and creates epileptic seizures.Traditionally epileptic seizure prediction is realized with a visual examination of Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. But this technique needs a long time EEG monitoring. So, the automatic epileptic seizures prediction schemes become a...

CREATING DESKTOP SPEECH RECOGNISATION USING PYTHON PROGRAMMING

 As a personal assistant, this project is built with AI technologies, Artificial intelligence technologies are beginning to be actively used in human life, this is facilitated by the appearance and wide dissemination of the Internet of Things (IOT). Autonomous devices are becoming smarter in their way to interact with both a human and themselves. Th...

Feed forward-Cutset-Free Pipelined Multiply-Accumulate Unit for the Machine Learning Accelerator

 Multiply–accumulate (MAC) computations account for a large part of machine learning accelerator operations. The pipelined structure is usually adopted to improve the performance by reducing the length of critical paths. An increase in the number of flip-flops due to pipelining, however, generally results in significant area and power increase. A la...

WEAKLY SUPERVISED DEEP LEARNING FOR CUSTOMER REVIEW SENTIMENT ANALYSIS

 In recent times the concept of smart cities have gained grate popularity. The ever increasing population has led to chaotic city traffic. As a result of the process of searching a parking lot becomes tedious. It is time consuming task leading to discomfort. The fuel consumption is on an increasing side due to such scenarios. The increase in vehicul...

VEGETABLE DISEASES DETECTION USING CNN SEQUENTIAL NEURAL NETWORKS

 India is the cultivating country and our country is the biggest maker in agricultural products. So, we have to classify and exchange our agricultural products. Manual arranging is tedious and it requires works. The automatic grading system requires less time for grading of the agricultural products. Image processing technique is helpful in examinat...

Vegetable disease detection using k-means clustering and svm

  India is the cultivating country and our country is the biggest maker in agricultural products. So, we have to classify and exchange our agricultural products. Manual arranging is tedious and it requires works. The automatic grading system requires less time for grading of the agricultural products. Image processing technique is helpful in exam...

Traffic Prediction for Intelligent Transportation System using Machine Learning

  This paper aims to develop a tool for predicting accurate and timely traffic flow Information. Traffic Environment involves everything that can affect the traffic flowing on the road, whether it’s traffic signals, accidents, rallies, even repairing of roads that can cause a jam. If we have prior information which is very near approximate about a...

Traffic forcast prediction using android application

 We consider the problem of forecasting high frequency sampled mobile cellular traffic starting from a lower frequency sampled time series. We use a dataset of real downlink/uplink traffic traces obtained from a mobile cellular network and apply different methodologies for performing forecasts at different sampling frequencies. Through extensive eva...

Towards End-to-End Lane Detection: an Instance Segmentation approach

 Modern cars are incorporating an increasing number of driver assist features, among which automatic lane keeping. The latter allows the car to properly position itself within the road lanes, which is also crucial for any subsequent lane departure or trajectory planning decision in fully autonomous cars. Traditional lane detection methods rely on a ...

Seizure detection using wearable sensors and machine learning: Setting a benchmark

 Tracking seizures is crucial for epilepsy monitoring and treatment evaluation. Current epilepsy care relies on caretaker seizure diaries, but clinical seizure monitoring may miss seizures. Wearable devices may be better tolerated and more suitable for long-term ambulatory monitoring. This study evaluates the seizure detection performance of custom-...

Recognition of Handwritten Digit using Convolutional Neural Network in Python with Tensor flow and Comparison of Performance for Various Hidden Layers

  In recent times, with the increase of Artificial Neural Network (ANN), deep learning has brought a dramatic twist in the field of machine learning by making it more artificially intelligent. Deep learning is remarkably used in vast ranges of fields because of its diverse range of applications such as surveillance, health, medicine, sports, robo...

ONLINE E-COMMERCE PRODUCT RECOMMENDER SYSTEM

 Internet is speeding up and modifying the manner in which daily tasks such as online shopping, paying utility bills, watching new movies, communicating, etc., are accomplished. As an example, in older shopping methods, products were mass produced for a single market and audience but that approach is no longer viable. Markets based on long product a...

Object Detection System with Voice Output using Python

 As object recognition technology has developed recently, various technologies have been applied to autonomous vehicles, robots, and industrial facilities. However, the benefits of these technologies are not reaching the visually impaired, who need it the most. In this paper, we proposed an object detection system for the blind using deep learning t...

Non-invasive prediction of hemoglobin level using machine learning techniques with the PPG signals characteristics features

 Hemoglobin can be measured normally after the analysis of the blood sample taken from the body and this measurement is named as invasive. Hemoglobin must continuously be measured to control the disease and its progression in people who go through hemodialysis and have diseases such as oligocythemia and anemia. This gives a perpetual feeling of pain...

MEDICAL IMAGE ENHANCEMENT USING DEEP LEARNING, NEUTRAL NETWORKS, AUTO ENCODERS

 One common interest in radiography is producing radiographs with as low as possible radiation exposures to patients. In clinical practices, radiation exposure factors are preset for optimal image qualities to avoid underexposures which will lead to repeating examinations hence increasing radiation exposures to patients. Underexposed radiographs mai...

EEG Signal Based Seizures Detection using IOT

 Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder with several different types of seizures, some of them characterized by involuntary recurrent convulsions, which have a great impact on the everyday life of the patients. Several solutions have been proposed in the literature to detect this type of seizures and to monitor the patient; however, these appro...

EEG based Epileptic Seizures Detection using Intrinsic Time-Scale Decomposition

 Epilepsy is a type of neurological disorder that causes abnormal brain activities and creates epileptic seizures. Traditionally epileptic seizure prediction is realized with a visual examination of Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. But this technique needs a long time EEG monitoring. So, the automatic epileptic seizures prediction schemes become ...

EARLY DETECTION OF MALPOSITIONED CATHETERS AND LINES ON CHEST X-RAYS USING DEEP LEARNING

 Hospital patients can have catheters and lines inserted during the course of their admission and serious complications can arise if they are positioned incorrectly. Early recognition of malpositioned tubes is the key to preventing risky complications (even death), even more so now that millions of COVID-19 patients are in the need of these tubes an...

PPSF A Privacy-Preserving and Secure Framework using Blockchain-based Machine-Learning for IoT-driven Smart Cities

 With the evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT), smart cities have become the mainstream of urbanization. IoT networks allow distributed smart devices to collect and process data within smart city infrastructure using an open channel, the Internet. Thus, challenges such as centralization, security, privacy (e.g., performing data poisoning and in...

Neuroscience and Network Dynamics Toward Brain-Inspired Intelligence

 This article surveys the interdisciplinary research of neuroscience, network science, and dynamic systems, with emphasis on the emergence of brain-inspired intelligence. To replicate brain intelligence, a practical way is to reconstruct cortical networks with dynamic activities that nourish the brain functions, instead of using only artificial comp...

Locally Weighted Principal Component Analysis-Based Multimode Modeling for Complex Distributed Parameter Systems

 Global principal component analysis (PCA) has been successfully introduced for modeling distributed parameter systems (DPSs). In spite of the merits, this method is not feasible due to parameter variations and multiple operating domains. A novel multimode spatiotemporal modeling method based on the locally weighted PCA (LW-PCA) method is developed ...

Integrating Resonant Recognition Model and Stockwell Transform for Localization of Hotspots in Tubulin

 Tubulin is a promising target for designing anti-cancer drugs. Identification of hotspots in multifunctional Tubulin protein provides insights for new drug discovery. Although machine learning techniques have shown significant results in prediction, they fail to identify the hotspots corresponding to a particular biological function. This paper pre...

A Multimodal Data Processing System for LiDAR-Based Human Activity Recognition

 Increasingly, the task of detecting and recognizing the actions of a human has been delegated to some form of neural network processing camera or wearable sensor data. Due to the degree to which the camera can be affected by lighting and wearable sensors scantiness, neither one modality can capture the required data to perform the task confidently....

When Does Diversity Help Generalization in Classification Ensembles

 Ensembles, as a widely used and effective technique in the machine learning community, succeed within a key element--``diversity.'' The relationship between diversity and generalization, unfortunately, is not entirely understood and remains an open research issue. To reveal the effect of diversity on the generalization of classification ensembles, ...

Saliency-Based Multilabel Linear Discriminant Analysis

 Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a classical statistical machine-learning method, which aims to find a linear data transformation increasing class discrimination in an optimal discriminant subspace. Traditional LDA sets assumptions related to the Gaussian class distributions and single-label data annotations. In this article, we propose a new ...

Progressive Self-Supervised Clustering With Novel Category Discovery

 These days, clustering is one of the most classical themes to analyze data structures in machine learning and pattern recognition. Recently, the anchor-based graph has been widely adopted to promote the clustering accuracy of plentiful graph-based clustering techniques. In order to achieve more satisfying clustering performance, we propose a novel ...

Multiple Flat Projections for Cross-Manifold Clustering

 Cross-manifold clustering is an extreme challenge learning problem. Since the low-density hypothesis is not satisfied in cross-manifold problems, many traditional clustering methods failed to discover the cross-manifold structures. In this article, we propose multiple flat projections clustering (MFPC) for cross-manifold clustering. In our MFPC, th...

Feature Selection Based on a Sparse Neural-Network Layer With Normalizing Constraints

 Feature selection (FS) is an important step in machine learning since it has been shown to improve prediction accuracy while suppressing the curse of dimensionality of high-dimensional data. Neural networks have experienced tremendous success in solving many nonlinear learning problems. Here, we propose a new neural-network-based FS approach that i...

A Data-Driven Modeling Method for Stochastic Nonlinear Degradation Process With Application to RUL Estimation

 This article proposes a novel modeling method for the stochastic nonlinear degradation process by using the relevance vector machine (RVM), which can describe the nonlinearity of degradation process more flexibly and accurately. Compared with the existing methods, where degradation processes are modeled as the Wiener process with a nonlinear drift ...

Transductive Multiview Modeling With Interpretable Rules, Matrix Factorization, and Cooperative Learning

 Multiview fuzzy systems aim to deal with fuzzy modeling in multiview scenarios effectively and to obtain the interpretable model through multiview learning. However, current studies of multiview fuzzy systems still face several challenges, one of which is how to achieve efficient collaboration between multiple views when there are few labeled data....

Precedence-Constrained Colored Traveling Salesman Problem An Augmented Variable Neighborhood Search Approach

 A traveling salesman problem (CTSP) as a generalization of the well-known multiple traveling salesman problem utilizes colors to distinguish the accessibility of individual cities to salesmen. This work formulates a precedence-constrained CTSP (PCTSP) over hypergraphs with asymmetric city distances. It is capable of modeling the problems with opera...

L1 Sparsity-Regularized Attention Multiple-Instance Network for Hyperspectral Target Detection

 Attention-based deep multiple-instance learning (MIL) has been applied to many machine-learning tasks with imprecise training labels. It is also appealing in hyperspectral target detection, which only requires the label of an area containing some targets, relaxing the effort of labeling the individual pixel in the scene. This article proposes an L1...

Joint Sparse Locality-Aware Regression for Robust Discriminative Learning

 With the dramatic increase of dimensions in the data representation, extracting latent low-dimensional features becomes of the utmost importance for efficient classification. Aiming at the problems of weakly discriminating marginal representation and difficulty in revealing the data manifold structure in most of the existing linear discriminant met...

Cold-Start Active Sampling via ?-Tube

 Active learning (AL) improves the generalization performance for the current classification hypothesis by querying labels from a pool of unlabeled data. The sampling process is typically assessed by an informative, representative, or diverse evaluation policy. However, the policy, which needs an initial labeled set to start, may degenerate its perf...

Automated Design of Multipass Heuristics for Resource-Constrained Job Scheduling With Self-Competitive Genetic Programming

 Resource constraint job scheduling is an important combinatorial optimization problem with many practical applications. This problem aims at determining a schedule for executing jobs on machines satisfying several constraints (e.g., precedence and resource constraints) given a shared central resource while minimizing the tardiness of the jobs. Due ...

Transfer Relation Network for Fault Diagnosis of Rotating Machinery With Small Data

 Many deep-learning methods have been developed for fault diagnosis. However, due to the difficulty of collecting and labeling machine fault data, the datasets in some practical applications are relatively much smaller than the other big data benchmarks. In addition, the fault data come from different machines. Therefore, on some occasions, fault di...

Hyperspectral Image Classification via Discriminant Gabor Ensemble Filter

 For a broad range of applications, hyperspectral image (HSI) classification is a hot topic in remote sensing, and convolutional neural network (CNN)-based methods are drawing increasing attention. However, to train millions of parameters in CNN requires a large number of labeled training samples, which are difficult to collect. A conventional Gabor...

Emotional Semantics-Preserved and Feature-Aligned Cycle GAN for Visual Emotion Adaptation

 Thanks to large-scale labeled training data, deep neural networks (DNNs) have obtained remarkable success in many vision and multimedia tasks. However, because of the presence of domain shift, the learned knowledge of the well-trained DNNs cannot be well generalized to new domains or datasets that have few labels. Unsupervised domain adaptation (UD...

Deep Ladder-Suppression Network for Unsupervised Domain Adaptation

 Unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) aims at learning a classifier for an unlabeled target domain by transferring knowledge from a labeled source domain with a related but different distribution. Most existing approaches learn domain-invariant features by adapting the entire information of the images. However, forcing adaptation of domain-specific ...

Bridging the Micro and Macro Calibration of Agent-Based Model Using Mean-Field Dynamics

 Calibration of agent-based models (ABM) is an essential stage when they are applied to reproduce the actual behaviors of distributed systems. Unlike traditional methods that suffer from the repeated trial and error and slow convergence of iteration, this article proposes a new ABM calibration approach by establishing a link between agent microbehav...

Active Domain Adaptation With Application to Intelligent Logging Lithology Identification

 Lithology identification plays an essential role in formation characterization and reservoir exploration. As an emerging technology, intelligent logging lithology identification has received great attention recently, which aims to infer the lithology type through the well-logging curves using machine-learning methods. However, the model trained on ...

Weak Estimator-Based Stochastic Searching on the Line in Dynamic Dual Environments

 Stochastic point location deals with the problem of finding a target point on a real line through a learning mechanism (LM) with the stochastic environment (SE) offering directional information. The SE can be further categorized into an informative or deceptive one, according to whether p is above 0.5 or not, where p is the probability of providing...

Small Low-Contrast Target Detection Data-Driven Spatiotemporal Feature Fusion and Implementation

 Detecting small low-contrast targets in the airspace is an essential and challenging task. This article proposes a simple and effective data-driven support vector machine (SVM)-based spatiotemporal feature fusion detection method for small low-contrast targets. We design a novel pixel-level feature, called a spatiotemporal profile, to depict the di...

Resetting Weight Vectors in MOEAD for Multi objective Optimization Problems With Discontinuous Pareto Front

 When a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition (MOEA/D) is applied to solve problems with discontinuous Pareto front (PF), a set of evenly distributed weight vectors may lead to many solutions assembling in boundaries of the discontinuous PF. To overcome this limitation, this article proposes a mechanism of resetting weight vec...

Research Review for Broad Learning System Algorithms, Theory, and Applications

 In recent years, the appearance of the broad learning system (BLS) is poised to revolutionize conventional artificial intelligence methods. It represents a step toward building more efficient and effective machine-learning methods that can be extended to a broader range of necessary research fields. In this survey, we provide a comprehensive overvi...

Multiview Graph Restricted Boltzmann Machines

 Recently, the restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) has aroused considerable interest in the multiview learning field. Although effectiveness is observed, like many existing multiview learning models, multiview RBM ignores the local manifold structure of multiview data. In this article, we first propose a novel graph RBM model, which preserves the dat...

Cross-Lingual Knowledge Transferring by Structural Correspondence and Space Transfer

 The cross-lingual sentiment analysis (CLSA) aims to leverage label-rich resources in the source language to improve the models of a resource-scarce domain in the target language, where monolingual approaches based on machine learning usually suffer from the unavailability of sentiment knowledge. Recently, the transfer learning paradigm that can tra...

A Drift Region-Based Data Sample Filtering Method

 Concept drift refers to changes in the underlying data distribution of data streams over time. A well-trained model will be outdated if concept drift occurs. Once concept drift is detected, it is necessary to understand where the drift occurs to support the drift adaptation strategy and effectively update the outdated models. This process, called d...

Type-2 Fuzzy Broad Learning System

 The broad learning system (BLS) has been identified as an important research topic in machine learning. However, the typical BLS suffers from poor robustness for uncertainties because of its characteristic of the deterministic representation. To overcome this problem, a type-2 fuzzy BLS (FBLS) is designed and analyzed in this article. First, a grou...

Robust Rank-Constrained Sparse Learning A Graph-Based Framework for Single View and Multiview Clustering

 Graph-based clustering aims to partition the data according to a similarity graph, which has shown impressive performance on various kinds of tasks. The quality of similarity graph largely determines the clustering results, but it is difficult to produce a high-quality one, especially when data contain noises and outliers. To solve this problem, we...

Performance Improvement of a Parsimonious Learning Machine Using Metaheuristic Approaches

 Autonomous learning algorithms operate in an online fashion in dealing with data stream mining, where minimum computational complexity is a desirable feature. For such applications, parsimonious learning machines (PALMs) are suitable candidates due to their structural simplicity. However, these parsimonious algorithms depend upon predefined thresho...

Federated Continuous Learning With Broad Network Architecture

 Federated learning (FL) is a machine-learning setting, where multiple clients collaboratively train a model under the coordination of a central server. The clients' raw data are locally stored, and each client only uploads the trained weight to the server, which can mitigate the privacy risks from the centralized machine learning. However, most of ...

Composite Kernel of Mutual Learning on Mid-Level Features for Hyperspectral Image Classification

 By training different models and averaging their predictions, the performance of the machine-learning algorithm can be improved. The performance optimization of multiple models is supposed to generalize further data well. This requires the knowledge transfer of generalization information between models. In this article, a multiple kernel mutual lea...

A Systematic Deep Learning Model Selection for P300-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces

 Predicting attention-modulated brain responses is a major area of investigation in brain-computer interface (BCI) research that aims to translate neural activities into useful control and communication commands. Such studies involve collecting electroencephalographic (EEG) data from subjects to train classifiers for decoding users' mental states. H...

Semi supervised Affinity Matrix Learning via Dual-Channel Information Recovery

 This article explores the problem of semisupervised affinity matrix learning, that is, learning an affinity matrix of data samples under the supervision of a small number of pairwise constraints (PCs). By observing that both the matrix encoding PCs, called pairwise constraint matrix (PCM) and the empirically constructed affinity matrix (EAM), expre...

Predictive Analytics for Default of Credit Card Clients

 Predictive analytics has a significant potential to support different decision processes. We aimed to compare various machine learning algorithms for the selected task, which predicts credit card clients' default based on the free available data. We chose Random Forest, AdaBoost, XGBoost, and Gradient Boosting algorithm and applied them to a prepar...

Neighborhood Preserving and Weighted Subspace Learning Method for Drift Compensation in Gas Sensor

 This article presents a novel discriminative subspace-learning-based unsupervised domain adaptation (DA) method for the gas sensor drift problem. Many existing subspace learning approaches assume that the gas sensor data follow a certain distribution such as Gaussian, which often does not exist in real-world applications. In this article, we addres...

Deep-LIFT Deep Label-Specific Feature Learning for Image Annotation

 Image annotation aims to jointly predict multiple tags for an image. Although significant progress has been achieved, existing approaches usually overlook aligning specific labels and their corresponding regions due to the weak supervised information (i.e., ``bag of labels'' for regions), thus failing to explicitly exploit the discrimination from d...

Deep-Learning-Based Automatic Selection of Fewest Channels for Brain-Machine Interfaces

 Due to the development of convenient brain-machine interfaces (BMIs), the automatic selection of a minimum channel (electrode) set has attracted increasing interest because the decrease in the number of channels increases the efficiency of BMIs. This study proposes a deep-learning-based technique to automatically search for the minimum number of ch...