The present study aims to elucidate the main variables that increase the level of depression at the beginning of military conscription service using an artificial neural network (ANN)-based prediction model. Random sample data were obtained from one battalion of the Lithuanian Armed Forces, and a survey was conducted to generate data for the tr...
 The collapse of Dam I, owned by Vale S.A, in Brumadinho-MG (Brazil), among other serious socioenvironmental consequences, contaminated the waters of the Paraopeba River in a stretch of hundreds of kilometers. Considering the relevance of monitoring water quality, and knowing that field evaluation is a time-consuming and costly procedure, the use of...
 The collapse of Dam I, owned by Vale S.A, in Brumadinho-MG (Brazil), among other serious socioenvironmental consequences, contaminated the waters of the Paraopeba River in a stretch of hundreds of kilometers. Considering the relevance of monitoring water quality, and knowing that field evaluation is a time-consuming and costly procedure, the use of...
 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) is widely used due to its advantages of high power density, high efficiency and so on. In order to ensure the reliability of a PMSM system, it is extremely vital to accurately diagnose the incipient faults. In this paper, a variety of optimization algorithms are utilized to realize the diagnosis of the faul...
 Over the years, there has been a global increase in the use of technology to deliver interventions for health and wellness, such as improving people’s mental health and resilience. An example of such technology is the Q-Life app which aims to improve people’s resilience to stress and adverse life events through various coping mechanisms, including ...
 The availability of digital technology in the hands of every citizenry worldwide makes an availableunprecedented massive amount of data. The capability to process these gigantic amounts of data in real-time with Big Data Analytics (BDA) tools and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms carries many paybacks. However, the highnumber of free BDA tools, plat...
 Stereo matching is one of the longest-standing problems in computer vision with close to 40 years of studies and research. Throughout the years the paradigm has shifted from local, pixel-level decision to various forms of discrete and continuous optimization to data-driven, learning-based methods.Recently, the rise of machine learning and the rapid...
 Even though machine learning (ML) applications are not novel, they have gained popularity partly due to the advance in computing processing.This study explores the adoption of ML methods in marketing applications through a bibliographic review of the period 2008–2022. In this period, the adoption of ML in marketing has grown significantly. This gro...
 Traditionally, X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy represent major workhorses of structural biologists, with the lion share of protein structures reported in protein data bank (PDB) being generated by these powerful techniques.Despite their wide utilization in protein structure determination, these two techniques have logical limitations, wi...
 In multi-task learning, multiple tasks are solved jointly, sharing inductive bias between them. Multi-task learning is inherently a multi-objective problem because different tasks may conflict, necessitating a trade-off. A common compromise is to optimize a proxy objective that minimizes a weighted linear combination of pertask losses. However, thi...
 Machine learning has been increasingly applied in identification of fraudulent transactions. However, most application systems detect duplicitous activities after they have already occurred, not at or near real time. Since spurious transactions are far fewer than the normal ones, the highly imbalanced data makes fraud detection very challenging and...
 This study aimed to develop accurate and explainable machine learning models for three psychomotor behaviors of delirium for hospitalized adult patients.A prospective pilot study was conducted with 33 participants admitted to a long-term care facility between August 10 and 25, 2020. During the pilot study, we collected 560 cases that included 33 cl...
 The rise of machine learning has unlocked new ways of analysing structural neuroimaging data, including brain age prediction. In this state-of-the-art review, we provide an introduction to the methods and potential clinical applications of brain age prediction. Studies on brain age typically involve the creation of a regression machine learning mod...
 Quantum computing is envisaged as an evolving paradigm for solving computationally complex optimization problems with a large-number factorization and exhaustive search.Recently, there has been a proliferating growth of the size of multi-dimensional datasets, the input-output space dimensionality, and data structures. Hence, the conventional machin...
 Machine learning (ML) algorithms are nowadays widely adopted in different contexts to perform autonomous decisions and predictions. Due to the high volume of data shared in the recent years, ML algorithms are more accurate and reliable since training and testing phases are more precise. An important concept to analyze when defining ML algorithms co...
 The usage of credit cards for online and regular purchases is exponentially increasing and so is the fraud related with it. A large number of fraud transactions are made every day. Various modern techniques like artificial neural network Different machine learning algorithms are compared, including Logistic Regression, Decision Trees, Random Forest...
 Machine learning and its subfield deep learning techniques provide opportunities for the development of operator mental state monitoring, especially for cognitive workload recognition using electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. Although a variety of machine learning methods have been proposed for recognizing cognitive workload via EEG recently, there...
 Due to the advancement in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the ability to tackle entire problems of machine intelligence. Nowadays, Machine learning (ML) is becoming a hot topic due to the direct training of machines with less interaction with a human.The scenario of manual feeding of the machine is changed in the modern era, it will lear...
 The availability of digital technology in the hands of every citizenry worldwide makes an availableunprecedented massive amount of data. The capability to process these gigantic amounts of data in real-time with Big Data Analytics (BDA) tools and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms carries many paybacks. However, the highnumber of free BDA tools, plat...
 The most vital information about the electrical activities of the brain can be obtained with the help of Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. It is quite a powerful tool to analyze the neural activities of the brain and various neurological disorders like epilepsy, schizophrenia, sleep related disorders, parkinson disease etc. can be investigated ...
 The detection and prevention of a network intrusion is a major concern. Machine Learning and Deep Learning methods detect network intrusions by predicting the risk with the help of training the data. Various machine learning and deep learning methods have been proposed over the years which are shown to be more accurate when compared to other networ...
 COVID-19 is a life threatening disease which has a enormous global impact. As the cause of the disease is a novel coronavirus whose gene information is unknown, drugs and vaccines are yet to be found. For the present situation, disease spread analysis and prediction with the help of mathematical and data driven model will be of great help to initia...
 The detection and prevention of a network intrusion is a major concern. Machine Learning and Deep Learning methods detect network intrusions by predicting the risk with the help of training the data. Various machine learning and deep learning methods have been proposed over the years which are shown to be more accurate when compared to other networ...
 Automatic Leukemia or blood cancer detection is a challenging job and is very much required in healthcare centers. It has a significant role in early diagnosis and treatment planning. Leukemia is a hematological disorder that starts from the bone marrow and affects white blood cells (WBCs). Microscopic analysis of WBCs is a preferred approach for a...
 Automatic Leukemia or blood cancer detection is a challenging job and is very much required in healthcare centers. It has a significant role in early diagnosis and treatment planning. Leukemia is a hematological disorder that starts from the bone marrow and affects white blood cells (WBCs). Microscopic analysis of WBCs is a preferred approach for a...
 Building Energy Management System (BEMS) has been a substantial topic nowadays due to its importance in reducing energy wastage. However, the performance of one of BEMS applications which is energy consumption prediction has been stagnant due to problems such as low prediction accuracy. Thus, this research aims to address the problems by developing...
 Drowsiness of drivers is one of the significant cause of road accidents. Every year, there is an increase in the amount of deaths and fatal injuries globally. By detecting the driver’s drowsiness, road accidents can be reduced. This paper describes a machine learning approach for drowsiness detection. Face detection is employed to locate the region...
 Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition which causes hormonal disorder in women in their childbearing years. The hormonal imbalance leads to a delayed or even absent menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS majorly suffer from excessive weight gain, facial hair growth, acne, hair loss, skin darkening and irregular periods leading to inferti...
 Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of disability among elderly adults, and it causes pain and discomfort and limits the functional independence of such adults. The aim of this study was the development of an automated classification model for KOA, based on the Kellgren–Lawrence (KL) grading system, using radiographic imaging and gait anal...
 Multiply–accumulate (MAC) computations account for a large part of machine learning accelerator operations. The pipelined structure is usually adopted to improve the performance by reducing the length of critical paths. An increase in the number of flip-flops due to pipelining, however, generally results in significant area and power increase. A la...
 Tracking seizures is crucial for epilepsy monitoring and treatment evaluation. Current epilepsy care relies on caretaker seizure diaries, but clinical seizure monitoring may miss seizures. Wearable devices may be better tolerated and more suitable for long-term ambulatory monitoring. This study evaluates the seizure detection performance of custom-...
 Hemoglobin can be measured normally after the analysis of the blood sample taken from the body and this measurement is named as invasive. Hemoglobin must continuously be measured to control the disease and its progression in people who go through hemodialysis and have diseases such as oligocythemia and anemia. This gives a perpetual feeling of pain...
 With the evolution of the Internet of Things (IoT), smart cities have become the mainstream of urbanization. IoT networks allow distributed smart devices to collect and process data within smart city infrastructure using an open channel, the Internet. Thus, challenges such as centralization, security, privacy (e.g., performing data poisoning and in...
 We propose a novel generic trust management framework for crowdsourced IoT services. The framework exploits a multi-perspective trust model that captures the inherent characteristics of crowdsourced IoT services. Each perspective is defined by a set of attributes that contribute to the perspective’s influence on trust. The attributes are fed into a...
  Aging-induced degradation imposes a major challenge to the designer when estimating timing guardbands. This problem increases as traditional worst-case corners bring over-pessimism to designers, exacerbating competitive and close-to-the-edge designs. In this work, we present an accurate machine learning approach for aging-aware cell library cha...
 Motivation: Identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in transcriptome data is a very important task. However, performances of existing DEG methods vary significantly for data sets measured in different conditions and no single statistical or machine learning model for DEG detection perform consistently well for data sets of different trait...
 A significant amount of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation is invisible to distribution system operators since it is behind the meter on customer premises and not directly monitored by the utility. The generation essentially adds an unknown varying negative demand to the system, which causes additional uncertainty in determining the total loa...
 In this paper, we present an Online Learning Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model that is able to predict the performance of tasks in lower frequency levels and safely optimize real-time embedded systems' power saving operations. The proposed ANN model is supported by feature selection, which provides the most relevant variables to describe shared...
 In this work we present a multi-modal machine learning-based system, which we call ACORN, to analyze videos of school classrooms for the Positive Climate (PC) and Negative Climate (NC) dimensions of the CLASS [1] observation protocol that is widely used in educational research. ACORN uses convolutional neural networks to analyze spectral audio feat...
 In this paper, we present an Online Learning Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model that is able to predict the performance of tasks in lower frequency levels and safely optimize real-time embedded systems' power saving operations. The proposed ANN model is supported by feature selection, which provides the most relevant variables to describe shared...
 We investigate the performance of multi-user multiple-antenna downlink systems in which a base station (BS) serves multiple users via a shared wireless medium. In order to fully exploit the spatial diversity while minimizing the passive energy consumed by radio frequency (RF) components, the BS is equipped with M RF chains and N antennas, where M <...
 This paper presents an asset health index (HI) prediction methodology for high voltage transmission overhead lines (OHLs) using supervised machine learning and structured, unambiguous visual inspections. We propose a framework for asset HI predictions to determine the technical condition of individual OHL towers to improve grid reliability in a cos...
 A methodology for automating the identification of single-event transients (SETs) through Ionizing Radiation Effects Spectroscopy (IRES) and machine learning (ML) is provided. IRES enhances the identification of SETs through statistical analysis of waveform behavior, allowing for the capture of subtle circuit dynamics changes.Automated identificati...
 Gallium nitride (GaN) devices have been successfully commercialized due to their superior performance, especially their high-power transformation efficiency. To further reduce the power consumption of these devices, the optimization for the ohmic contacts is attracting more and more attention. In the light of the mature and powerful machine learnin...
 Cold atmospheric plasmas (CAPs) have shown great promise for medical applications through their synergistic chemical, electrical, and thermal effects, which can induce therapeutic outcomes. However, safe and reproducible plasma treatment of complex biological surfaces poses a major hurdle to the widespread adoption of CAPs for medical applications....
  Millimeter-wave (mmWave) hybrid analog-digital beamforming is a promising approach to satisfy the low-latency constraint in multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) systems, which serve as network infrastructure for flexible deployment. However, in highly dynamic multi-UAV environments, analog beam tracking becomes a critical challenge. The ove...
 Machine learning is widely used in developing computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) schemes of medical images. However, CAD usually computes large number of image features from the targeted regions, which creates a challenge of how to identify a small and optimal feature vector to build robust machine learning models. In this study, we investigate feasibi...
 The current global pandemic crisis has unquestionably disrupted the higher education sector, forcing educational institutions to rapidly embrace technology-enhanced learning. However, the COVID-19 containment measures that forced people to work or stay at home, have determined a significant increase in the Internet traffic that puts tremendous pres...
 The synthesis of a metasurface exhibiting a specific set of desired scattering properties is a time-consuming and resource-demanding process, which conventionally relies on many cycles of full-wave simulations.It requires an experienced designer to choose the number of the metallic layers, the scatterer shapes and dimensions, and the type and the t...
 Machine Learning as a Service (MLaaS) allows clients with limited resources to outsource their expensive ML tasks to powerful servers. Despite the huge benefits, current MLaaS solutions still lack strong assurances on: 1) service correctness (i.e., whether the MLaaS works as expected); 2) trustworthy accounting (i.e., whether the bill for the MLaaS...
 An efficient multilayer machine learning-assisted optimization (ML-MLAO)-based robust design method is proposed for antenna and array applications. Machine learning methods are introduced into multiple layers of the robust design process, including worst-case analysis (WCA), maximum input tolerance hypervolume (MITH) searching, and robust optimizat...
 Dynamic Security Assessment for the future power system is expected to be increasingly complicated with the higher level penetration of renewable energy sources and the widespread deployment of power electronic devices, which drive new dynamic phenomena. As a result, the increasing complexity and the severe computational bottleneck in real time ope...
 We propose a framework to analyze mm-wave baluns directly from physical parameters by adding a dimension of Machine Learning (ML) to existing electromagnetic (EM) methods.From a generalized physical model of mm-wave baluns, we train physical-electrical Machine Learning models that both accurately and quickly compute the electrical parameters of mm-...
 Objectives: Big data analytics can potentially benefit the assessment and management of complex neurological conditions by extracting information that is difficult to identify manually. In this study, we evaluated the performance of commonly used supervised machine learning algorithms in the classification of patients with traumatic brain injury (T...
 In exercise gaming (exergaming), reward systems are typically based on rules/templates from joint movement patterns. These rules or templates need broad ranges in definitions of correct movement patterns to accommodate varying body shapes and sizes.This can lead to inaccurate rewards and, thus, inefficient exercise, which can be detrimental to prog...
 The communication-based train control (CBTC) system is a typical cyber physical system in urban rail transit.The train-ground communication system is a very important subsystem of the CBTC system and uses the wireless communication protocols to transmit control commands.However, it faces some potential information security risks.To ensure informati...
  Automated Machine Learning (AutoML) systems have been shown to efficiently build good models for new datasets. However, it is often not clear how well they can adapt when the data evolves over time. The main goal of this study is to understand the effect of concept drift on the performance of AutoML methods, and which adaptation strategies can ...
 Stochastic unit commitment is an efficient method for grid operation in the presence of significant uncertainties.An example is an operation during a predicted hurricane with uncertain line out-ages.However, the solution quality comes at the cost of substantial computational burden, which makes its adoption challenging.This paper evaluates some pos...
 Automated Machine Learning (AutoML) has achieved remarkable progress on various tasks, which is attributed to its minimal involvement of manual feature and model designs. However, existing AutoML pipelines only touch parts of the full machine learning pipeline, e.g., Neural Architecture Search or optimizer selection.This leaves potentially importan...
 A significant amount of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation is invisible to distribution system operators since it is behind the meter on customer premises and not directly monitored by the utility. The generation essentially adds an unknown varying negative demand to the system, which causes additional uncertainty in determining the total loa...
 This work aims to enhance our fundamental understanding of how the measurement setup used to generate training and testing datasets affects the accuracy of the machine learning algorithms that attempt solving electromagnetic inversion problems solely from data. A systematic study is carried out on a one-dimensional semi-inverse electromagnetic prob...
  ? Proper training is essential to achieve reliable pattern recognition (PR) based myoelectric control. ? The amount of training is commonly determined by experience. ? The purpose of this study is to provide an offline validation method that makes the offline performance transferable to online control and find the proper amount of training tha...
 Traffic control optimization is a challenging task for various traffic centers around the world and the majority of existing approaches focus only on developing adaptive methods under normal (recurrent) traffic conditions. Optimizing the control plans when severe incidents occur still remains an open problem, especially when a high number of lanes ...
 Multi-task learning technique is widely utilized in machine learning modeling where commonalities and differences across multiple tasks are exploited. However, multiple conflicting objectives often occur in multi-task learning. Conventionally, a common compromise is to minimize the weighted sum of multiple objectives which may be invalid if the obj...
 ? Automated Machine Learning (AutoML) seeks to automatically find so-called machine learning pipelines that maximize the prediction performance when being used to train a model on a given dataset. One of the main and yet open challenges in AutoML is an effective use of computational resources: An AutoML process involves the evaluation of many candi...
 Stereo matching is one of the longest-standing problems in computer vision with close to 40 years of studies and research. Throughout the years the paradigm has shifted from local, pixel-level decision to various forms of discrete and continuous optimization to data-driven, learning-based methods. Recently, the rise of machine learning and the rapi...
 ? Due to the additive property of most machine learning objective functions, the training can be distributed to multiple machines. ? Distributed machine learning is an efficient way to deal with the rapid growth of data volume at the cost of extra inter-machine communication. ? One common implementation is the parameter server system which cont...
 ? This work aims to enhance our fundamental understanding of how the measurement setup used to generate training and testing datasets affects the accuracy of the machine learning algorithms that attempt solving electromagnetic inversion problems solely from data. ? A systematic study is carried out on a one-dimensional semi-inverse electromagneti...
 ? Wafer test is carried out after integrated circuits (IC) fabrication to screen out bad dies. ? In addition, the results can be used to identify problems in the fabrication process and improve manufacturing yield. ? However, the wafer test itself may induce defects to otherwise good dies. ? Test-induced defects not only hurt overall manufact...
 Machine learning (ML) methods has recently contributed very well in the advancement of the prediction models used for energy consumption. Such models highly improve the accuracy, robustness, and precision and the generalization ability of the conventional time series forecasting tools. This article reviews the state of the art of machine learning ...
 The remarkable advances of Machine Learning (ML) have spurred an increasing demand for ML-as-a-Service on public cloud: developers train and publish ML models as online services to provide low-latency inference for dynamic queries. The primary challenge of ML model serving is to meet the response-time Service-Level Objectives (SLOs) of inference wo...

We have more than 145000 Documents , PPT and Research Papers

Have a question ?

Mail us : info@nibode.com