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 Sun drying is perhaps one of the oldest methods of food preservation that has been practiced for centuries. The direct usage of solar radiation which is renewable and abundant favours farmers that harvest and process at small quantity. As technology advances, an alternative to sun drying evolves to maximize the potential of solar radiation and this...
 It is a common phenomenon in cities that waterlogging affects people’s normal life. It is of great significance for targeted transformation and upgrading to identify the risk factors of urban waterlogging. This paper collected the waterlogging data of Tianjin in China, analyzed the coupling mechanism among waterlogging risk factors of urban drainag...
 Water harvesting is a traditional conservation technique, and there is general agreement that conserving water will promote agricultural production, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. The high competition for water and land has led to scarcity of water resources, and it has also threatened the world's food security. Recent technological deve...
 This Waste management is one of the serious challenges of the cities, the system now used in cities, we continue to use an old and outmoded paradigm that no longer serves the entail of municipalities, Still find over spilled waste containers giving off irritating smells causing serious health issues and atmosphere impairment. The Smart Waste Manage...
 Plastics have remained the material of choice, and after serving their intended purpose, a large proportion ends up in the environment where they persist for centuries. The packaging industry is the largest and growing consumer of synthetic plastics derived from fossil fuels. Food packaging plastics account for the bulk of plastic waste that are po...
 The Initial Strategy on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 2018 commits the IMO to reduce total GHG emissions of shipping by at least 50% by 2050. Though the direction of the Strategy is clear, the path to implementation remains uncertain. The ambitious IMO’s target cal...
 Climate change and global warming are internationally recognized as current issues, driving negative effects on humanity, and being mainly caused by GHG emissions generated both from industrial activities, and from other anthropogenic activities. Restoring the ecological balance requires urgent action to reduce GHG emissions. In this respect, the E...
 Ports form a vital link in the global maritime supply chain, and adherence to the UN sustainable goals in each port development and operation is all-important. Improving the sustainability performance of port infrastructure requires identifying all relevant aspects of sustainability, defining suitable performance measures, applying tools for quanti...
 This study reviews the scientific literature for business models contributing to sustainable plastic management and suggests avenues for future research. We define sustainable plastic management (SPM) as any technique along the waste hierarchy seeking to minimize the environmental damage of plastic material. Limited cases were found during the lite...
 Finance for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) has been a concern for all stakeholders including entrepreneurs, financial institutions, and government organizations. The key objective of the study was to identify various challenges faced by MSMEs in sourcing of finance during different stages of their life cycle. This study is a fir...
 Food wastage and its accumulation are becoming a critical problem around the globe due to continuous increase of the world population. The exponential growth in food waste is imposing serious threats to our society like environmental pollution, health risk, and scarcity of dumping land. There is an urgent need to take appropriate measures to reduce...
 The quantities of plastic wastes discarded and the fate of various plastics in the environment. Our Interactive Qualifying Project was concerned with researching the possible alternatives to plastics, mainly biodegradable plastics that have been claimed to biodegrade and help environment. Moreover, it was also required to evaluate the best methods ...
 Based on environmental, legal, social, and economic factors, reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain issues have attracted attention among both academia and practitioners. This attention is evident by the vast number of publications in scientific journals which have been published in recent years. Hence, a comprehensive literature review of ...
 There is something that we still don’t see: food wasted by restaurants, shops or industries. There is also something we can see: food wasted by ourselves. This is the range focus of communities, through the management of wasted products of catering firms. Now a days people are aware of importance of food but there are no platform to share informati...
 The rapidly growing biofuel industry poses considerable challenges to its supply chain network design and operations. In this chapter, we introduce key characteristics of the biofuel supply chain that comprises of feedstock production, biomass logistics, biofuel production and distribution. We then discuss the recent literature on biofuel supply ch...
 This study aims to find out how far the implementation of the concept of Zero Waste in waste management in Banda Aceh City. The problem of increasingly complex garbage due to the increasing amount of waste along with population growth. During this time generally waste is transported and disposed to the Final Processing Place (TPA) so that all garba...
 The main purpose of the Smart Pill Box System project is helping patients with bipolar disorder or other illnesses to create their motivation to take medicine. Moreover, caregivers can take care of the patients more conveniently. Patients can use the application to setup the notification time for medication. Then the application will send the prese...
 The main purpose of the Smart Pill Box System project is helping patients with bipolar disorder or other illnesses to create their motivation to take medicine. Moreover, caregivers can take care of the patients more conveniently. Patients can use the application to setup the notification time for medication. Then the application will send the prese...
 Monitoring various parameters of the patient using internet of things. In the patient monitoring system based on Internet of things project, the real-time parameters of patient’s health are sent to cloud using Internet connectivity. These parameters are sent to a remote Internet location so that user can view these details from anywhere in the worl...
 Eventually a day's a consequence of a general temperature alteration and atmosphere changes there are attempting conditions in field of coal mine. To decrease the cost and improve the productivity close by thing quality the atomization in the field of coal mine is irrefutably essential, which will in addition reduce the mine laborers endeavors. Thi...
 There are many countries enforcing a regulation that requires the bike rider to wear a helmet when riding on their bike. With this reason, this project is specially developed as to improve the safety of the bike rider. The impact when bike involves in a high speed accident without wearing a helmet is very dangerous and can cause fatality. Wearing a...
 Municipal solid waste management is one of the major challenges that cities in developing countries are facing. Although waste collection services are critical to build a smart city, the focus of both scholarship and action/activism has been more on the utilization of waste than on collection. We devised a choice experiment to elicit the preference...
 A new method is discussed to enhance the security of communications over Internet. The method is based on utilization of electronic graphic images being sent as part of messages that require secure communication and certification. At the core of the proposed method are Electronic Virtual Stamps implemented as familiar and easily recognizable electr...
 This paper reviewed literature from 1999 to 2014 inclusively on how Speech-to-Text Recognition (STR) technology has been applied to enhance learning. The first aim of this review is to understand how STR technology has been used to support learning over the past fifteen years, and the second is to analyze all research evidence to understand how Spe...
 Aerial security means performing security-aimed monitoring and surveillance operations with the help of airborne vehicles. This kind of activities suggest that human officers (security organizations, law enforcement, police etc.) would be able to remotely monitor and view video and data acquired from Drones while planning and evaluating their opera...
 Traffic big data has brought many opportunities for traffic management applications. However several challenges like heterogeneity, storage, management, processing and analysis of traffic big data may hinder their efficient and real-time applications. All these challenges call for well-adapted distributed framework for smart traffic management that...
 The Rural Banking introduced in villages to give good and better services to the people for the development of their agriculture sector or to help for their small-scale business. The banking sector in India has witnessed a complete transformation both in its functioning and delivery of services to their customers.The banking services in rural areas...
 Road lane detection systems play a crucial role in the context of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADASs) and autonomous driving. Such systems can lessen road accidents and increase driving safety by alerting the driver in risky traffic situations. Additionally, the detection of ego lanes with their left and right boundaries along with the recog...
 This project was developed in a way that the robot is controlled by voice commands. An android application with a microcontroller is used for required tasks. The connection between the android app and the vehicle is facilitated with Bluetooth technology. The robot is controlled by buttons on the application or by spoken commands of the user. The mo...
 Stress is one of the factors that affect human health in many aspects. It is considered as one of the culprits in increasing the risk of getting sick that could probably lead to critical physical or mental illnesses. Stress can be experienced everywhere and in different circumstances. Hence, stress should be controlled and managed by monitoring its...
 This paper describes the development of a multilingual, manually annotated dataset for three under-resourced Dravidian languages generated from social media comments. The dataset was annotated for sentiment analysis and offensive language identification for a total of more than 60,000 YouTube comments. The dataset consists of around 44,000 comments...
 During the last decade, distributed ledger solutions such as blockchain have gained significant attention due to their decentralized, immutable, and verifiable features. However, the public availability of data stored on the blockchain and its link to users may raise privacy and security issues. In some cases, addressing these issues requires block...
 This paper covers the design and implementation of an intelligent traffic management system for an isolated intersection. The vehicular traffic management system employs Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) as the central decision-making unit and combines its speed and high number of I/O with other system components such as the ESP8266 Wi-Fi module...
 Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition which causes hormonal disorder in women in their childbearing years. The hormonal imbalance leads to a delayed or even absent menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS majorly suffer from excessive weight gain, facial hair growth, acne, hair loss, skin darkening and irregular periods leading to inferti...
 In today's technical era, every startup or a company attempt to establish a better sort of communication between their Plants and the users, and for that purpose, they require a type of mechanism which can promote their plant effectively, and here the recommender system serves this motive. It is basically a filtering system that tries to predict an...
 Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of disability among elderly adults, and it causes pain and discomfort and limits the functional independence of such adults. The aim of this study was the development of an automated classification model for KOA, based on the Kellgren–Lawrence (KL) grading system, using radiographic imaging and gait anal...
 This paper is intended to monitor Heart beat with android application which is used to measure the heart beat of different persons. It is built using Android Studio. It may also include the different modules based on the software specification, system requirement, hardware requirement and disk space....
 Medical Surveillance Solutions are the most important in the brief developing country populace enhances demands for caretaking. Covid-19 is as a substitute contagious it is very important to quarantine covid-19 humans but at the equal time medical examiners need to check fitness of covid-19 sufferers moreover. With the boosting kind of instances it...
 Identity-based remote data auditing schemes can verify data integrity and provide a simple identity authentication and management for multiple users. However, prior works on identity-based remote data auditing lack the support of dynamic operations. In these schemes, tag generation is linked to the index of data block, which is related to update op...
 Manual inspection of textiles is a long, tedious, and costly method. Technology has solved this problem by developing automatic systems for textile inspection. However, Jacquard fabrics present a challenge because patterns can be complex and seemingly random to systems. Only a few in-depth studies have been conducted on jacquard fabrics despite the...
 Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common chronic fundus disease, which has four different kinds of microvessel structure and microvascular lesions: microaneurysms (MAs), hemorrhages (HEs), hard exudates, and soft exudates. Accurate detection and counting of them are a basic but important work. The manual annotation of these lesions is a labor-intensiv...
 This paper specialise in exploring and analyzing Consumer Finance Complaints data, to seek out what percentage similar complaints are there in reference to an equivalent bank or service or product. These datasets fall into the complaints of Credit reporting, Mortgage, Debt Collection, personal loan and Banking Accounting. By using data processing t...
 Cyber Supply Chain (CSC) system is complex which involves different sub-systems performing various tasks. Security in supply chain is challenging due to the inherent vulnerabilities and threats from any part of the system which can be exploited at any point within the supply chain. This can cause a severe disruption on the overall business continui...
 Motorcycle accidents have been rapidly growing through the years in many countries. In India more than 37 million people use two wheelers. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a system for automatic detection of helmet and triples wearing for road safety. Therefore, a custom object detection model is created using a Machine learning based algorith...
  Over the past decades, fire cannot be prevented in our homes and society. Hence, the author came up with an idea to create a robot that will serve as first responder to fire and hazardous chemicals. Problems were identified and objectives were formulated as guides in the establishment “Automated Hazardous Gas Detecting Robot using Wireless Sens...
 The city’s district attraction ranking plays an essential role in the city’s government because it can be used to reveal the city’s district attraction and thus help government make decisions for urban planning in terms of the smart city. The traditional methods for urban planning mainly rely on the district’s GDP, employment rate, population densi...
 Mobile ad-hoc networks (MANET) is a network mode that does not depend on network infrastructure and central access. The fast and flexible networking mode of MANET renders its wide applications in specific scenarios. However, rapidly changing topology and open channels bring potential security problems. In this paper, we proposed an active-routing a...
 This paper presents an effective approach for detecting abandoned luggage in surveillance videos. We combine short- and long-term background models to extract foreground objects, where each pixel in an input image is classified as a 2-bit code. Subsequently, we introduce a framework to identify static foreground regions based on the temporal transi...
 Hotspot mapping is a popular analytical technique that is used to help identify where to target police and crime reduction resources. In essence, hotspot mapping is used as a basic form of crime prediction, relying on retrospective data to identify the areas of high concentrations of crime and where policing and other crime reduction resources shou...
 Typical approaches to visual vehicle tracking across large area require several cameras and complex algorithms to detect, identify and track the vehicle route. Due to memory requirements, computational complexity and hardware constrains, the video images are transmitted to a dedicated workstation equipped with powerful graphic processing units. How...
 Although information systems and technology (IS/IT) investments have always caused varying degrees of business change, the main purpose of many of today's IS/IT implementations is to change the business and/or organization in some significant way. However, most organizations' approaches to managing IS/IT developments have changed little in the last...
 Currently, the development of mobile applications heavily relies on using conventional computers as development platform. MobiDev enables people in emerging countries without access to a computer but to a cell phone to develop their own locally relevant applications. The goal of the MobiDev project is to simplify development and deployment of appli...
 This article deals with multimedia data, which combines basic functions with high quality graphics, sound, video and animation and definitions of multimedia. Also deals with multimedia characteristics, network technology – Ethernet, Provisioning and ATM, bandwidth needs and multimedia networking along with data transfers protocols. Right issues for...
 Caller ID (caller identification) is a service provided by telephone carriers to transmit the phone number and/or the name of a caller to a callee. Today, most people trust the caller ID information, and it is increasingly used to authenticate customers (e.g., by banks or credit card companies). However, with the proliferation of smartphones and Vo...
 In present industry, communication is the key element to progress. Passing on information, to the right person, and in the right manner is very important, not just on a corporate level, but also on a personal level. The world is moving towards digitization, so are the means of communication. Phone calls, emails, text messages etc. have become an in...
 This paper investigates the applicability of machine-driven Speech Emotion Recognition (SER) towards the augmentation of theatrical performances and interactions (e.g. controlling stage color /light, stimulating active audience engagement, actors’ interactive training, etc.). For the needs of the classification experiments, the Acted Emotional Spee...
 In this paper, we describe a surveillance program which is to be designed that can automatically detect the gestures or signs of aggression and brutality on real time. A single CCTV human operator can handle very limited set of operations, so as the number of CCTV camera increases the need of the human intervention also increases which can also cau...
 This conceptual paper exclusively focused on how artificial intelligence (AI) serves as a means to identify a target audience. Focusing on the marketing context, a structured discussion of how AI can identify the target customers precisely despite their different behaviors was presented in this paper. The applications of AI in customer targeting an...
 Recently, automatic vehicle location (AVL) has become more widely used, affordable and popular than ever before. AVL is used for different tracking purposes, especially for those related to tracking one vehicle or a fleet of vehicles. Tracking system technology was made possible by the integration of three new technologies: navigational technologie...
 Traffic control and vehicle owner identification has become major problem in every country. Sometimes it becomes difficult to identify vehicle owner who violates traffic rules and drives too fast. Therefore, it is not possible to catch and punish those kinds of people because the traffic personal might not be able to retrieve vehicle number from th...
 Under most circumstances, cyber criminals will commit fraudulent transactions using proxy services which hide their real IP address and physical location. This is done in an effort to avoid being tracked and prosecuted by law enforcement agencies. This paper presents the investigation of a proxy detection methodology and efforts to implement such t...
 Recently, the world witnessed a significant increase in the number of used drones, with a global and continuous rise in the demand for their multi-purpose applications. The pervasive aspect of these drones is due to their ability to answer people’s needs. Drones are providing users with a bird’s eye that can be activated and used almost anywhere an...
 Student’s attendance tracking is a vital issue in order to monitor students’ performance in the classroom as well as in their studies. It becomes a key concern because the university authority maintains a rule that one student can only attend in the exam if his/her attendance is higher or equal to several percentages (60%,70% or 80% etc.) otherwise...
 Due to Increase in the amount of data in the field of genomics, meteorology, biology, environmental research and many others, it has become difficult to find, analyse patterns, associations within such large data. Interesting association is to be found in the large data sets to draw the pattern and for knowledge purpose. The benefit of analysing th...
 Bus provides eco-friendly, cheap, convenient, time-effective means of transportation. Bus lack regularization and management, due to which they increased the burden on public transportation system. Unusual and unexpected conditions on the roads affect the smooth operation of the bus system and the movement of vehicles. Problems faced by passengers ...
 Distance Learning has been steadily gaining popularity. More and more universities and colleges are offering online course to increase enrollments. However, one question remains for those who teach online courses: who is doing the real course work? In this paper we will survey the commonly used methods to prevent e-Cheating, look at a few e-Proctor...
 Blockchain’s foundations of decentralisation, cryptographic security and immutability make it a strong contender in reshaping the healthcare landscape worldwide. Blockchain solutions are currently being explored for: (1) securing patient and provider identities; (2) managing pharmaceutical and medical device supply chains; (3) clinical research and...
 Networking, which is one of the most significant aspects of information technology revolution, is developing increasingly day after day. This is because it offers a huge amount of knowledge, resources and human experiences. On the one hand, it contains a considerable amount of harmful content, because of misusing. On the other hand, sitting for a l...
 A graphical password is an authentication system that works by having the user select from images, in a specific order, presented in a graphical user interface (GUI). For this reason, the graphical-password approach is called graphical user authentication (GUA). The most common computer authentication method is to use alphanumerical usernames and p...
 Rice ageing commences during preharvest and continues with the postharvest storage. It dramatically involves the changes in physical and physicochemical properties of the rice grain such as cooking, pasting, and thermal properties. The present report reviews and reveals the effect of rice ageing on the changes of rice physical properties. The studi...
 Changes in consumer preference for safe food have led to innovations in packaging technologies. This article reviews about different smart packaging systems and their applications in food packaging, packaging research with latest innovations. Active and intelligent packing are such packaging technologies which offer to deliver safer and quality pro...
 This paper deals with milk processing with emphasis on pasteurization. The heat treatment of milk is important in terms of product quality and health safety. The goal of this paper is determination of heat consumption, inactivation effect and Pasteur criterion, by which pasteurization effectiveness is evaluated. The methodical part contains calcula...
 The dairy industry generates excessive amounts of waste and by-products while it gives a wide range of dairy products. Alternative biotechnological uses of these wastes need to be determined to aerobic and anaerobic treatment systems due to their high chemical oxygen demand (COD) levels and rich nutrient (lactose, protein and fat) contents. This wo...
 The agriculture sector faces many challenges such as crop diseases, pest infestation, water shortage, weeds and many more. These problems lead to substantial crop loss, economic loss and also causes severe environmental hazards due to the current agriculture practices. The AI and Robotics technologies have the potential to solve these problems effi...
 Food processing industries are assuming greater importance and processed food is now not a matter of choice but it is a necessity. As a result there is greater awareness of safety concerns, emerging risks and challenges in the context of food products. Consumers want guarantees for food characteristics, thus, calling for transparency and effective ...
 The primary driver for innovations in the formal sector is credited to the institution of patenting. Intellectual property rights (IPRs) as the extrinsic motivational factor have supported innovations by firms and industries which have a large market and resources to commercialise their products. Grassroots innovations, on the other hand, represent...
 They exist as an integral form of rural development that offers a valuable framework for GIs. These are unique expression of local agro-ecological and cultural characteristics that have come to be evaluated and protected in many countries throughout the world. A GI is a unique and important form of collective intellectual and cultural property, wit...
 Decision support tools, usually considered to be software-based, may be an important part of the quest for evidence-based decision-making in agriculture to improve productivity and environmental outputs. These tools can lead users through clear steps and suggest optimal decision paths or may act more as information sources to improve the evidence b...
 The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of the economic revitalization programme, One District One Product (ODOP) implemented in the state of Uttar Pradesh of India in 2018, examine its strategy, and analyze its impact on employment generation, export promotion and economic growth of the state from 2018 to 2020. Along with extensive literature...
 The Telkomsel's RAFI/NARU dashboard problem in Sumbagsel Regional that was built with the LAMP web platform model caused a lag when page loading in the web browser, and blinking when the page refreshed and lacks support for the mobile roadmap. Therefore, this paper will design an alternative real time dashboard for monitoring the Telkomsel's RAFI/N...
 The technology based modern agriculture industries are today’s requirement in every part of agriculture in Bangladesh. In this technology, the disease of plants is precisely controlled. Due to the variable atmospheric circumstances these conditions sometimes the farmer doesn’t know what type of disease on the plant and which type of medicine provid...
 This study provides a broad perspective on the main trends regarding the use of pesticides in developing countries and their impacts on human health and food security. Information is provided on the challenges of controlling these hazardous substances, along with the extent to which pesticides banned within the European Union (EU) are exported to t...
 Predicting future changes in ecosystem services is not only highly desirable but is also becoming feasible as several forces (e.g., available big data, developed data assimilation (DA) techniques, and advanced cyber-infrastructure) are converging to transform ecological research into quantitative forecasting. To realize ecological forecasting, we h...
 In recent years, our insight into these shifts and their impact on water availability has increased. However, a similar detailed understanding of the seasonal pattern in water demand is surprisingly absent. This hampers a proper assessment of water stress and ways to cope and adapt. In this study, the seasonal pattern of irrigation-water demand res...
 Management of groundwater systems requires realistic conceptual hydrogeological models as a framework for numerical simulation modelling, but also for system understanding and communicatin g this to stakeholders and the broader community. To help overcome these challenges we developed GVS (Groundwater Visualisation System), a stand-alone desktop so...
 A systematic attempt to determine the conditions under which, micro irrigation (MI) systems become the “best bet technology” in terms of realizing the potential benefits, and extent of reduction in crop water requirement possible through such systems is crucial for assessing our ability to address future water scarcity at the regional and national ...
 Integrating advanced simulation techniques and data analysis tools in a freeware Geographic Information System (GIS) provides a valuable contribution to the management of conjunctive use of groundwater (the world's largest freshwater resource) and surface-water. To this aim, we describe here the FREEWAT (FREE and open source software tools for WATe...
 Agriculture and climate change are internally correlated with each other in various aspects, as climate change is the main cause of biotic and abiotic stresses, which have adverse effects on the agriculture of a region. The land and its agriculture are being affected by climate changes in different ways, e.g., variations in annual rainfall, average...
 The study area where the wastewater treatment is proposed is Rajouri in Jammu And Kashmir State. The growth of population at a faster rate, lack of education, poverty especially in rural areas has polluted the environment to a great extent. Here the paper gives the details about the population of the area, the drainage details, the water supply det...
 This study has been undertaken to develop Sustainable Waste Water treatment. Most of the river basins in India and elsewhere are closing or closed and experiencing moderate to severe water shortages, brought on by the simultaneous effects of agricultural growth, industrialization and urbanization. Current and future fresh water demand could be met ...
 The study was conducted to assess the general milk production system, handling practices, processing, utilization and marketing system of raw cow milk produced in Mizan Aman, Debub and Shey Bench Districts. A total of 270 respondents (thirty respondents from each study area) were selected using simple random sampling technique and interviewed by us...
 Drought is the most complex of all natural hazards. The lack of progress in drought preparedness planning and the development of national drought policies is a reflection of this complexity. With the demand for water increasing because of expanding population, urbanization, changes in land use, and many other factors, the time to move to a more ris...
 Globalization remains a key force in driving Indian economy and India’s dairy industry products acknowledge the demands and preferences around the world by the consumers. New imperatives like production systems issues such as animal welfare and environmental footprint, and also product quality attributes such as traceability and product safety. Dai...
 India is the world’s largest producer and consumer of milk and has the world’s largest dairy herd, comprised of water buffalo and indigenous and crossbred cattle. Annual growth in milk production and consumption has been a robust 4.2 percent since 2000, and India has also emerged as a small net exporter of dairy products. Water buffalo and crossbre...
 This research explores the online purchase decision-making behaviour of consumers by introducing a comprehensive approach that covers two different viewpoints: a) individual-level behaviour and b) market-level behaviour. Individual-level behaviour enhances our understanding of how purchase decision-making processes unfold and whether they differ fo...
 The last two decades has witnessed a phenomenal growth in the number of Self Help groups (SHGs) and SHG federations in India. There were an estimated 1, 78,664 SHG federations in India1 during 2013-14. SHG federations emerged as important institutions to take over the functions formerly provided by SHG promoting organizations. Placed in a situation...
 In this paper we are proposing an adaptive and real-time approach to resolve real-time fnancial data integration latency problems and semantic heterogeneity. Due to constraints that we have faced in some projects that requires real-time massive fnancial data integration and analysis, we decided to follow a new approach by combining a hybrid fnancia...
 The purpose of the study is to determine the specifics of housing construction at various stages of its evolutionary development in the context of the needs of the population in socially acceptable housing conditions. The methodological basis of the study is systematic, abstract-logical approaches and economic-statistical analysis. The main results...
 Rural development is a very dynamic process which includes in improving the socio-economic, political, environmental, and well-being of the poor people living in rural areas. In India more than 70 percent people living in rural areas, the concept of rural development assume great significance. The Molakalmuru taluk is one of the most backward taluk...
 Attendance management is the act of managing attendance or presence in a work setting, which maximizes and motivates employee attendance thereby minimizing loss. Not only does it affect productivity, it can cost the company profits or even additional contracts. For the industrial sector attendance management system can develop alacrity among the wo...

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