Solution to establish a zero waste society with proper waste disposal management

Abstract : This study aims to find out how far the implementation of the concept of Zero Waste in waste management in Banda Aceh City. The problem of increasingly complex garbage due to the increasing amount of waste along with population growth. During this time generally waste is transported and disposed to the Final Processing Place (TPA) so that all garbage piled up in the landfill. Most of the waste handling is done after the garbage appears so it is difficult to manage it. Handling of garbage from scratch is still minimal so the TPA becomes full fast. The concept of Zero Waste is to minimize waste generation so that less waste is wasted to the landfill. This is so as not to waste resources and prevent environmental damage. Handling of waste from the beginning of waste avoidance, waste sorting, producer responsibility, waste levies according to the amount of disposal, waste management by the community and the provision of incentives and disincentives is the implementation parameter of Zero Waste. This concept should be integrated into local policy so it becomes an obligation for the government and the community to implement it. A number of cities around the world have implemented Zero Waste policies and set a target to reduce waste disposal to TPA as small as possible. Banda Aceh as a medium-sized city in Indonesia has integrated a number of Zero Waste concepts in its local regulations. Some of these concepts are difficult to implement due to a number of socio-political factors.
 ? Existing landfills may help address growing global resource scarcity, serving as a resource reservoir available to be mined. ? At the same time, the e-waste recycling processes exist the potential environmental and human health effects. ? Many zero practices and zero waste approaches have existed in the current world, zero waste management includes socio-economic, political, environmental, and technological aspects and has many stakeholders.
 ? Problems encountered at every stage of solid waste management such as temporary disposal, collection, transportation and final disposal where these problems tend to increase in the end point of landfill. ? Many cities face landfill problems due to limited availability of land and open dumping sites with no sanitation systems, such as soil cover, leachate collection and environmental pollution treatment systems through CH4 emissions and leach intrusion into groundwater and surface. ? The issue of global warming and climate change and its impacts on humans has led people to think about sustainable natural resources.
 • The purpose of this paper is to gain knowledge about various initiatives in both countries and locate the scope for improvement in the management of waste. • The other purpose is to provide some suggestions and recommendations to improve the waste management practices in Indian towns. • These zones are further divided into different sanitary wards for the purpose of solid waste collection and transport operations.
 ? Preliminary assessment and evaluation is very important to know the performance of municipal solid waste management. ? After implementing the ZW work plan, ZW performance evaluation is done to know the extent of its success. ? One of the key goals of this 2030 vision is to transform Stockholm city into a resource-efficient area. ? The existing waste management laws were inadequate, leading to inefficient waste management in Indonesia.

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