Develop an application to facilitate IPR filing for the grassroots community

Abstract : The primary driver for innovations in the formal sector is credited to the institution of patenting. Intellectual property rights (IPRs) as the extrinsic motivational factor have supported innovations by firms and industries which have a large market and resources to commercialise their products. Grassroots innovations, on the other hand, represent a culture of individual innovators outside formal sector who innovate out of adversity, curiosity and needs. Most of the innovators have cited intrinsic motivation behind the innovation and are unaware of IPR. However, there is a paucity of literature on the relation between IPR and innovations in the informal sector. Drawing on the literature on IPR and innovations in the formal sector, we examine whether the same theories and rationales apply to a different nature of innovations in the informal sector. This is an exploratory study and to map the current scenario of patenting for grassroots innovations secondary data were collected from the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) website. To understand the innovators’ perception, we interviewed them through various means and on different sites. The study finds that although there was no initial intention to innovate for extrinsic incentives like patenting, there is an increasing trend in filing patents for grassroots innovations by the NIF in India.
 ? The quantitative expansion of existing activities generates growth or horizontal expansion. ? Community capacity is the interaction of human capital, organizational resources, and social capital existing within a given community that can be leveraged to solve collective problems and improve or maintain the well-being of that community. ? It may operate through informal social processes and/or organized efforts by individuals, organizations, and social networks that exist among them and between them and the larger systems of which the community is a part.
 ? It also has a group of disadvantaged people that require support networks. The governance arrangements did create some minor disadvantages for the facilitator. ? This is an important ethical issue for funding bodies and researchers alike to consider before embarking on what may seem an altruistic endeavour. ? This is particularly relevant in rural and remote areas where there is limited capacity to import expertise into the community, and rationalisation and centralisation of the state and corporate sector has much more impact on rural than metropolitan communities.
 • The main social purpose of protection of copyright and related rights is to encourage and reward creative work. • The social purpose is to provide protection for the results of investment in the development of new technology, thus giving the incentives and means to finance research and development activities. • The exclusive rights include the right of reproduction and the right of importation, sale and other distribution for commercial purposes.
 ? The granting of patents for inventions claiming substances intended for use or capable of being used as, food, medicine or drug or all substances resulting from chemical processes was withdrawn. ? An industrial design is that aspect of a useful article, which is ornamental or aesthetic. It may consist of three-dimensional features such as the shape or surface of the article, or two dimensional features such as patterns, lines or color. ? It does require that a person lawfully in control of such information must have the possibility of preventing it from being disclosed to, acquired by, or used by others without his/her consent in a manner contrary to honest commercial practices.

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